# Coding and Decoding Questions and Answers – Set 6

This set of Logical Reasoning Questions and Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Coding and Decoding – Set 6”.

1. In a certain code “ENTER” is written as “FPWIW”. How is “SHIFT” written in that code?
a) SRLFE
b) JDKAL
c) TJLJY
d) UDQKA

Explanation: Here, every letter of the word moves +n from its position where n is position of alphabet in the word.
i.e. for ENTER, E+1→F, N+2→P, T+3→W, E+4→I, R+5→W.
Similarly, for SHIFT, S+1→T, H+2→J, I+3→L, F+4→J, T+5→Y.

2. In a certain code “ERASE” is written as “DQZRD”. How is “DELETE” written in that code?
a) BWKXUA
b) CDKDSD
c) SHXHLH
d) GWPNCV

Explanation: Here, each letter moves -1 from its original position.
i.e. for “ERASE” the code is DQZRD.
Similarly, for “DELETE” the code is CDKDSD.

3. In a certain code “ROBOT” is written as “SPCPU”. How “VISION” is written in that code?
a) WJTJPO
b) SPUPSR
c) NJELVP
d) ESAPTO

Explanation: Here, each letter moves +1 from its original position.
i.e. for “ROBOT” R→S, O→P, B→C, O→P, T→U.
Similarly, for “VISION” the code is WJTJPO.

4. In a certain code “564” means “study very hard”, “736” means “hard work pays” and “423” means “study and work”. Which of the following is the code for “study”?
a) 6
b) 4
c) 5
d) 7

Explanation: Here, in the first and second statement, the common code number is ‘6’ and common word is ‘hard’. In the second and third statement the common code number is ‘3’ and common word is ‘work’. In first and third statement, the common code number is ‘4’ and common word is ‘study’.
Therefore, 3→work, 4→study, 6→hard.
This gives, 2→and, 5→very, 7→pays.

5. In a certain code “POTASSIUM” is written as “PoTassium”. How is “GRAPHITE” written in that code?
a) GrAphItE
b) GrApHiTe
c) gRaPHiTe
d) GRAphiTE

Explanation: Here, according to the positions of the alphabets, odd position alphabets are written in small letters whereas, even position alphabets are written in capital letters.

6. If the letters of the word “MANAGER” are arranged alphabetically, then which letter would be 2nd in the right from the third letter of word?
a) M
b) N
c) R
d) G

Explanation: Here, when arranged alphabetically the word is AAEGMNR.

7. In a certain code “PROBLEM” is written as “PORLBME”. How can “SOLUTION” be written in that code?
a) SOLUTONI
b) SLUOTNIO
c) SLOTUOIN
d) SNOLIOTU

Explanation: Here, after first letter of the word the remaining letters are swapped with its adjacent letter.
Therefore for SOLUTION the code is SLOTUOIN.

8. In a certain code “MAD” is written as “9”. Then how can “GLAD” be written in that code?
a) 14
b) 12
c) 27
d) 16

Explanation: Here, the positional values of alphabets are added and then divided by 2.
i.e. M→13 + A→1 + D→4 = 18÷2 = 9.
Similarly, for GLAD→ 7+12+1+4 = 24÷2 = 12

9. In a certain code “D1GI7AL” is written as “F3IK9CN”. How is “CRYP70” written in that code?
a) F1D8ER
b) X8KV8S
c) ETAR92
d) E4R4NY

Explanation: Here, each alphabet and number moves +2 from its original position.
i.e. D→F, 1→3, G→I, I→K, 7→9, A→C, L→N.
Similarly, for CRYP70 the code is ETAR92.

10. If ‘white’ is called ‘yellow’, ‘yellow’ is called ‘blue’, ‘blue’ is called ‘red’, ‘red’ is called ‘black’ and ‘black’ is called ‘violet’, then what would be the colour of the night sky?
a) Red
b) Violet
c) Black
d) Yellow

Explanation: Here, the colour of night sky is black and it is given that ‘black’ is called ‘violet’.