This set of Machine Dynamics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Bennett’s Construction”.
1. If OC is the crank and PC is the connecting rod rotating in clockwise direction in the figure given below, then triangle OCM is known as _________
a) Klein’s velocity diagram
b) Klein’s acceleration diagram
c) Bennett’ velocity diagram
d) Bennett’ acceleration diagram
Explanation: Since the crank is rotating in the clockwise direction, then the velocity of C will be perpendicular to OC and it’s value is given by w2.OC, hence triangle OCM forms a velocity polygon.
2. Bennett’ construction is used when the motion of the crank is linear cycloidal.
Explanation: Bennett’ construction is used when the crank is undergoing a motion which has uniform angular velocity.
Explanation: Total acceleration is the vector sum of radial and tangential components radial component is given by ω2.CQ and tangential component is given by ω2.QN.
4. Acceleration of any point D on the connecting rod is given by ________
Explanation: Acceleration at D is the vector sum of radial acceleration and tangential acceleration components. Hence the net acceleration is ω2.OD2
5. In which of the following cases Bennett’s construction can be used?
a) Crank has a uniform angular velocity
b) Crank has a uniform angular acceleration
c) Lever has a uniform angular acceleration
d) When the motion is SHM
Explanation: Bennett’s construction can be used in both the cases, i.e when the crack has both uniform and non uniform angular velocity.
Explanation: In the figure, the triangle OCM is known as the velocity diagram, referring to that will provide us the velocity of point P with respect to C. Velocity if C wrt to O is ω × OC and ω × OM is velocity of P wrt to O.
Explanation: In the figure, the triangle OCM is known as the velocity diagram, referring to that will provide us the absolute velocity of point P. Velocity if C wrt to O is ω × OC and ω × OM is velocity of P wrt to O.
8. Bennett’ construction is used to determine graphically the velocity and acceleration of reciprocating parts of an IC engine.
Explanation: The velocity and acceleration of the reciprocating parts of the steam engine or internal combustion engine are determined by either graphical method or analytical method, Bennett’s construction provides graphical solution for the same.
Explanation: Linear velocity is obtained by a product of angular velocity of the crank and the perpendicular distance of the respective point. In this case ω is the angular velocity and OD1 is the perpendicular distance.
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