This set of Basic Wireless & Mobile Communications Questions and Answers focuses on “Small- Scale Multipath Propagation”.
1. Small scale fading describes the _____ fluctuations of the amplitude, phases of signal.
Explanation: Small scale fading or simply fading, is used to describe the rapid fluctuations of amplitudes, phases, or multipath delays of a radio signal over a short period of time or travel distance. It ignores the large scale path loss.
2. Fading is caused by interference.(True/False)
Explanation: Fading is caused by interference. It is caused by interference between two or more versions of the transmitted signal which arrive at the receiver at slightly different times.
3. Which of the following is not an effect caused by multipath in radio channel?
a) Rapid changes in signal strength
b) Random frequency modulation
c) Power of base station
d) Time dispersion
Explanation: Rapid changes in signal strength over a small travel distance are caused due to multipath. It causes random frequency modulation due to varying Doppler shifts on different multipath signals. Time dispersion is also caused by multipath propagation delays.
4. In urban areas, fading occurs due to height of mobile antenna ________ than height of surrounding structure.
d) Very larger
Explanation: In urban areas, fading occurs because height of the mobile antenna is below the height of surrounding structures. Therefore, there is no single line of sight path to the base station.
5. Fading does not occur when mobile receiver is stationary. State whether True or False.
Explanation: The received signal may fade even when the mobile receiver is stationary. It is due to the movement of surrounding objects in the radio channel. The multipath components combine vectorially at the receiver antenna and cause signal to distort or fade.
6. Apparent shift in frequency in multipath wave is caused due to relative motion between________
a) Base station and MSC
b) Mobile and surrounding objects
c) Mobile and MSC
d) Mobile and base station
Explanation: Due to relative motion between mobile and base station, each multipath wave experiences an apparent shift in frequency. This shift in received signal frequency due to motion called Doppler shift.
7. Doppler shift is directly proportional to __________
b) Height of antenna
c) Power of receiving antenna
d) Power of transmitter
Explanation: The shift in received signal frequency due to motion is called Doppler shift. It is directly proportional to the velocity and direction of motion of mobile with respect to the direction of arrival of the received multipath wave.
8. Which of the following factor does not influence small scale fading?
a) Multipath propagation
b) Power density of base station
c) Speed of mobile
d) Speed of surrounding objects
Explanation: Many physical factors in radio channel influence small scale fading. Multipath propagation, speed of mobile, speed of surrounding objects, transmission bandwidth of the signal influences small scale fading in a large way.
9. Signal will distort if transmitted signal bandwidth is greater than bandwidth of __________
b) Radio channel
c) Multipath channel
Explanation: Received signal will be distorted if transmitted signal bandwidth is greater than bandwidth of multipath channel. But received signal strength will not fade much over a local area.
10. What is a measure of the maximum frequency difference for which signals are strongly correlated in amplitude?
a) Coherence bandwidth
b) Narrow bandwidth
c) Incoherent bandwidth
d) Wide bandwidth
Explanation: The bandwidth of the channel can be quantified by the coherence bandwidth. It is related to the specific multipath structure of channel. It is a measure of maximum frequency difference for which signals are strongly correlated in amplitude.
11. The Doppler shift for mobile moving with constant velocity, v is given by _______
a) (v*cos θ)/λ
c) v*cos θ
Explanation: Doppler shift is given by (v*cos θ)/λ. This formula relates the Doppler shift to the mobile velocity and spatial angle between the direction of motion of mobile and the direction of arrival of the wave.
12. Doppler shift is positive if mobile is moving away from direction of arrival of the wave. State whether True or False.
Explanation: Doppler shift is positive if the mobile is mobile is moving toward the direction of arrivl of the wave, as the apparent received frequency is increased. And if the mobile is moving away from direction of arrival of the wave, Doppler shift is negative.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Wireless & Mobile Communications.
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