# Wireless & Mobile Communications Questions & Answers – Angle modulation

This set of Wireless & Mobile Communications Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Angle modulation”.

1. FM is a part of general class of modulation known as ______
a) Angle modulation
b) Phase modulation
c) Amplitude modulation
d) Frequency modulation

Explanation: FM is a part of general class of modulation known as angle modulation. Angle modulation varies a sinusoidal carrier signal in such a way that the angle of the carrier is varied according to the amplitude of the modulating baseband signal.

2. FM is called constant envelope because ______ of carrier wave is kept constant.
a) Frequency
b) Amplitude
c) Phase
d) Angle

Explanation: FM is called the constant envelope because amplitude of the carrier wave is kept constant. It is duo to the fact that the envelope of the carrier does not change with changes in the modulating signal.

3. Which of the following are two most important classes of angle modulation?
a) Amplitude modulation, frequency modulation
b) Amplitude modulation, phase modulation
c) Frequency modulation, phase modulation
d) Single sideband amplitude modulation, phase modulation

Explanation: The two most important classes of angle modulation are frequency modulation and phase modulation. They provide the ways in which phase of a carrier signal may be varied in accordance with the baseband signal.

4. Frequency modulated signal is regarded as the phase modulated signal in which the modulating wave is differentiated before modulation.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Frequency modulated signal is regarded as the phase modulated signal in which the modulating wave is integrated before modulation. This means that an FM signal can be generated by first integrating the message signal and then using the result as an input to a phase modulator.

5. Frequency modulation index defines the relationship between the ______ and bandwidth of transmitted signal.
a) Frequency of message signal
b) Amplitude of message signal
c) Amplitude of carrier signal
d) Frequency of carrier signal

Explanation: The frequency modulation index defines the relationship between the message amplitude and the bandwidth of the transmitted signal. If the modulating signal is a low pass signal, maximum bandwidth of the modulating signal is equal to the highest frequency component present in the modulating signal.
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6. FM bandwidth is approximated using _______ rule.
a) Carson’s
c) Maxwell’s
d) Armstrong’s

Explanation: The approximation of bandwidth is done using Carson’s rule. Carson’s bandwidth rule defines the approximate bandwidth requirements of communications system components for a carrier signal that is frequency modulated by a continuous or broad spectrum of frequencies rather than a single frequency.

7. Which of the following are two methods for generating FM signal?
a) Coherent method, noncoherent method
b) Product detector, envelope detector
c) Direct method, indirect method
d) Slope detector, Zero crossing detector

Explanation: Direct method and indirect method are the methods used for generating FM signals. These methods are differentiated by the variation of the carrier frequency.

8. In indirect method, the carrier frequency is directly varied in accordance with the input modulating signal.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: The above is the case for direct method. In the indirect method, a narrowband FM signal is generated using a balanced modulator, and frequency multiplication is used to increase both the frequency deviation and the carrier frequency to the required level.

9. Which of the following is used to vary the frequency of the carrier frequency in accordance with the baseband signal amplitude variations in direct method of FM generation?
a) Integrator
b) Envelope detector
c) Multivibrator
d) Voltage controlled oscillators

Explanation: In direct method, VCOs are used to vary the frequency of the carrier signal in accordance with the baseband signal amplitude variations. These oscillators use devices with reactance that can be varied by the application of a voltage.

10. Frequency demodulator is a frequency to amplitude converter circuit.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Frequency demodulator produces an output voltage with instantaneous amplitude that is directly proportional to the instantaneous frequency of the input FM signal. Thus, frequency demodulator is a frequency to amplitude converter circuit.

11. Which of the following is not a technique for FM demodulation?
a) Slope detection
b) Zero crossing detection
c) Product detector
d) Phase locked discriminator

Explanation: Various techniques such as slope detection, zero crossing detection, phase locked discrimination and quadrature detection are used to demodulate FM. Product detector is used for demodulating AM signals.

12. Which of the following FM demodulator is sometimes known as pulse averaging discriminator?
a) Slope detection
b) Zero crossing detection
d) Phase locked discriminator

Explanation: Zero crossing detector is sometimes known as pulse averaging discriminator. The rationale behind this technique is to use the output of the zero crossing detector to generate a pulse train with an average value that is proportional to frequency of the input signal.

13. PLL in FM detection stands for ______
a) Phase locked loop
b) Programmable logic loop
c) Phase locked logic
d) Programmable locked loop

Explanation: PLL stands for phase locked loop. The PLL is a closed loop control system which can track the variations in the received signal phase and frequency.

14. In angle modulation, signal to noise ratio before detection is a function of ______
a) Modulation index
b) Input signal to noise ratio
c) Maximum frequency of the message
d) IF filter bandwidth

Explanation: In angle modulation systems, the signal to noise ratio before detection is the function of the receiver IF filter bandwidth, received carrier power, and received interference. However, signal to noise ratio after detection is a function of maximum frequency of the message, input signal to noise ratio and modulation index.

15. FM can improve the receiver performance through adjustment of transmitted power.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: FM can improve receiver performance through adjustment of the modulation index at the transmitter, and not the transmitted power. This is not the case in AM since linear modulation techniques do not trade bandwidth for SNR.

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