This set of Wireless & Mobile Communications Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “3G W-CDMA (UMTS)”.
1. What is the full form of UMTS?
a) Universal Mobile Telephone System
b) Ubiquitous Mobile Telephone System
c) Ubiquitous Mobile Telemetry System
d) Universal Machine Telemedicine System
Explanation: UMTS (Universal Mobile Telephone System) is a visionary air interface standard that was introduced in 1996. European carriers, manufacturers, and government regulators collectively developed the early version of UMTS as an open air interface standard for third generation wireless telecommunication.
3. UMTS uses which multiple access technique?
Explanation: Although UMTS is designed to operate on evolved GSM core networks, it uses code division multiple access (CDMA) for its air interface. The majority of the 3G systems in operation employ CDMA, while the rest use TDMA. CDMA allows various users to share a channel at the same time, while TDMA allows users to share the same channel by chopping it into different time slots.
3. UMTS does not has backward compatibility with ____
Explanation: UMTS assures backward compatibility with the second generation GSM, IS-136 and PDC TDMA technologies. It is also compatible with all 2.5G TDMA techniques like GPRS and EDGE. But it does not provide compatibility to CDMA technologies of 2G and 2.5 G. IS-95 is a CDMA standard of 2G.
4. UMTS is also known as _____
Explanation: UMTS uses Wideband CDMA (W-CDMA) to carry the radio transmissions. Therefore, it is also referred as W-CDMA. W-CDMA offers greater spectral efficiency and bandwidth to mobile network operators.
5. What is the chip rate of W-CDMA?
a) 1.2288 Mcps
b) 3.84 Mcps
c) 270.833 Ksps
d) 100 Mcps
Explanation: W-CDMA uses a chip rate of 3.84 Mcps. Chip rate is the product of symbol rate and spreading factor. If the symbol rate is 960 Kbps and spreading factor is 4 for W-CDMA, then the chip rate is 3.84 Mcps. The chip rate for Cdma2000 and GSM are 1.2288 Mcps and 27.0833 Ksps respectively.
6. W-CDMA works in FDD mode only. (True/ False)
Explanation: W-CDMA works in both FDD and TDD mode. W-CDMA developed for wide area cellular coverage uses FDD. And TDD is used by W-CDMA for indoor cordless type applications.
7. How much packet data rate per user is supported by W-CDMA if the user is stationary?
a) 2.048 Kbps
b) 100 Mbps
c) 2.048 Mbps
d) 1 Gbps
Explanation: If the user is stationary, W-CDMA supports packet data rates upto 2.048Mbps per user. Thus, it allows high quality data, multimedia, streaming audio video and broadcast type services to consumers. Future version of WCDMA will support stationary user data rates in excess of 8Mbps.
8. What is the minimum spectrum allocation required by W-CDMA?
a) 5 MHz
c) 1.25 MHz
d) 200 KHz
Explanation: W-CDMA/UMTS requires a minimum spectrum allocation of 5 MHz. Using this bandwidth, it has the capacity to carry over 100 simultaneous voice calls. It is able to carry data at speeds up to 2 Mbps in its original format. 20 MHz is the bandwidth defined for LTE. CdmaOne uses a bandwidth of 1.25 MHz. GSM’s bandwidth is 200 KHz.
9. W-CDMA requires a complete change of RF equipment at each base station. (True/False)
Explanation: W-CDMA is designed to provide backward compatibility and interoperability for all GSM, IS-136/PDC, GPRS and EDGE equipment. But due to a wider air interface bandwidth of W-CDMA, it requires a complete change of RF-equipment at each base station.
10. How much increase in spectral efficiency is provided by W-CDMA in comparison to GSM?
a) Two times
b) Three times
c) No increase
d) Six times
Explanation: W-CDMA can provide at least six times increase in spectral efficiency over GSM at system level. Such a wider bandwidth is chosen to higher data rates as low as 8 kbps to as high as 2 Mbps on a single 5 MHz W-CDMA radio channel.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Wireless & Mobile Communications.
To practice all areas of Wireless & Mobile Communications, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.