This set of Wireless & Mobile Communications Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Amplitude Modulation”.
1. Carrier signal in modulation technique is _______ signal.
a) High frequency
b) Low frequency
c) High amplitude
d) Low amplitude
Explanation: Carrier signal in modulation technique is a high frequency signal. In amplitude modulation, the amplitude of a high frequency carrier signal is varied in accordance to the instantaneous amplitude of the modulating signal.
2. Modulation index of an AM signal is ratio of _____ to the _______
a) Peak carrier amplitude, Peak message signal amplitude
b) Peak message signal amplitude, Peak carrier amplitude
c) Carrier signal frequency, Message signal frequency
d) Message signal frequency, Carrier signal frequency
Explanation: The modulation index k of an AM signal is defined as the ratio of the peak message signal amplitude to the peak carrier amplitude. The modulation index is often expressed as a percentage. It is also called percentage modulation.
3. If the peak message signal amplitude is half the peak amplitude of the carrier signal, the signal is _____ modulated.
Explanation: The modulation is also expressed in percentage. It is also called percentage modulation. The signal is said to be 50% modulated if the peak message signal amplitude is half the peak amplitude of the carrier signal.
4. A percentage of modulation greater than ____ will distort the message signal.
Explanation: A percentage of modulation greater than 100% will distort the message signal if detected by an envelope detector. In this case the lower excursion of the signal will drive the carrier amplitude below zero, making it negative (and hence changing its phase).
5. The RF bandwidth of AM is _____ the maximum frequency contained in the modulating message signal.
b) Two times
c) Four times
d) Ten times
Explanation: The RF bandwidth of an AM signal is equal to BAM=2fm. It is double the maximum frequency contained in the modulating message signal. AM spectrum consists of an impulse at the carrier frequency and two sidebands which replicate the message spectrum.
6. Single sideband AM systems occupy same bandwidth as of conventional AM systems. State whether True or False.
Explanation: Single sideband (SSB) AM systems transmit only one of the sidebands (either upper or lower) about the carrier. Hence, they occupy only half the bandwidth of conventional AM systems.
7. How is the performance of SSB AM systems in fading channels?
Explanation: SSB systems have the advantage of being very bandwidth efficient. But their performance in fading channels is very poor. For proper detection, the frequency of the oscillator at the product detector mixer in the receiver must be same as that of the incoming carrier frequency.
8. Which of the following is a disadvantage of tone-in-band SSB system?
a) High bandwidth
b) Bad adjacent channel protection
c) Effects of multipath
d) Generation and reception of signal is complicated
Explanation: Tone-in-band SSB systems has the advantage of maintaining the low bandwidth property of the SSB signals, while at the same time providing good adjacent channel protection. The tone in band system employs feedforward automatic gain and frequency control to mitigate the effects of multipath induced fading.
9. FFSR in AM systems stands for ________
a) Feedforward signal regeneration
b) Feedbackward signal regeneration
c) Feedbackward system restoration
d) Feedforward system restoration
Explanation: FFSR stands for Feedforward signal regeneration. If the pilot tone and the information bearing signal undergo correlated fading, it is possible at the receiver to counteract the effects of fading through signal processing based on tracking of pilot tone. This process is called FFSR.
10. AM demodulation technique can be divided into _____ and _____ demodulation.
a) Direct, indirect
b) Slope detector, zero crossing
c) Coherent, noncoherent
d) Quadrature detection, coherent detection
Explanation: AM demodulation techniques may be broadly divide into two main categories. They are called coherent and noncoherent demodulation. They are differentiated by the knowledge of transmitted carrier frequency and phase at the receiver.
11. Non coherent detection requires the knowledge of transmitted carrier frequency and phase at the receiver. State whether True or False.
Explanation: Non coherent detection does require the knowledge of phase information. However, coherent detection requires knowledge of the transmitted carrier frequency and phase at the receiver.
12. A product detector in AM systems is also called ______
a) Envelope detector
d) Phase detector
Explanation: A product detector is also called a phase detector. It forms a coherent demodulator for AM signals. It is a down converter circuit which converts the input bandpass signal to a baseband signal.
13. AM system use only product detector for demodulation. They never use envelope detectors. State whether True or False.
Explanation: AM systems can use either product detector or envelope detector for demodulation. As a rule, envelope detectors are useful when input signal power is at least 10dB greater than noise power, whereas product detector are able to process the AM signals with input signal to noise ratios well below 0 dB.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Wireless & Mobile Communications.
To practice all areas of Wireless & Mobile Communications, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.