This set of Wireless & Mobile Communications Questions and Answers for Experienced people focuses on “Practical Link Budget Design Using Path Loss Models”.
1. Empirical approach is based on fitting curve or analytical expressions. State whether True or False.
Explanation: The empirical approach is based on fitting curves or analytical expressions that recreate a set of measured data. This has the advantage of implicitly taking into account all propagation factors, both known and unknown through actual field measurements.
2. Which of the following is not a practical path loss estimation technique?
a) Log distance path loss model
b) Log normal shadowing
c) Determination of percentage of coverage area
d) Hata model
Explanation: Log normal shadowing, log distance path loss model and determination of percentage of coverage area are practical pat loss estimation techniques. Hata model is only valid for exterior environment.
3. Average received signal power decreases __________ with distance.
c) Two times
d) Four times
Explanation: Both theoretical and measurement based propagation models indicate that average received signal power decreases logarithmically with distance. It is valid for both outdoor and indoor channels.
4. What does path loss exponent indicates?
a) Rate at which path loss decreases with distance
b) Rate at which path loss increases with distance
c) Rate at which path loss decreases with power density
d) Rate at which path loss increases with power density
Explanation: The average large scale path loss for an arbitrary T-R separation is expressed as a function of distance by using a path loss exponent, n. It indicates the rate at which the path loss increases with distance.
5. The reference distance should not be in the far field of the antenna. State whether True or False.
Explanation: It is important to select a free space reference distance that is appropriate for the propagation environment. The reference distance should always be in the far field of the antenna so that near field effects do not alter the reference path loss.
6. Which distribution describes the shadowing effect?
a) Log normal distribution
b) Nakagami distribution
c) Cauchy distribution
d) Rayleigh distribution
Explanation: Log normal distribution describes the random shadowing effects. It occurs over a large number of measurement locations which have the same T-R separation, but have different clutter on the propagation path.
7. Log normal shadowing is a phenomenon that occurs with same T-R separation having same level clutter on the propagation path. State True or False.
Explanation: Log normal shadowing occurs over a large number of measurement locations which have the same T-R separation, but have different levels of clutter on the propagation path. It follows log normal distribution.
8. Log normal shadowing implies that measured signal levels at specific T-R separation have ______ distribution when signal levels have values in dB units.
Explanation: Log normal shadowing implies that measured signal levels at a specific T-R separation have Gaussian (Normal) distribution. It is about the distance dependent mean of 4.68 where the signal levels have values in dB units.
9. A link budget is accounting of all __________
a) Gain and losses from the transmitter
b) Power transmitted by transmitter
c) Power received by receiver
d) Power transmitted and received
Explanation: A link budget is accounting of all of the gains and losses from the transmitter, through the medium (free space, cable, waveguide etc.) to the receiver in a telecommunication system. It accounts for the attenuation of the transmitted signal due to propagation, as well as the antenna gains and miscellaneous losses.
10. Antenna’s efficiency is given by the ratio of __________
b) Physical aperture to effective aperture
c) Signal power to noise power
d) Effective aperture to physical aperture
Explanation: The larger the antenna aperture the larger is the resulting signal power density in the desired direction. The ratio of effective aperture to physical aperture is the antenna’s efficiency.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Wireless & Mobile Communications.
To practice all areas of Wireless & Mobile Communications for Experienced people, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.