This set of Discrete Mathematics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Group Theory”.

1. A non empty set A is termed as an algebraic structure ________

a) with respect to binary operation *

b) with respect to ternary operation ?

c) with respect to binary operation +

d) with respect to unary operation –

View Answer

Explanation: A non empty set A is called an algebraic structure w.r.t binary operation “*” if (a*b) belongs to S for all (a*b) belongs to S. Therefore “*” is closure operation on ‘A’.

2. An algebraic structure _________ is called a semigroup.

a) (P, *)

b) (Q, +, *)

c) (P, +)

d) (+, *)

View Answer

Explanation: An algebraic structure (P,*) is called a semigroup if a*(b*c) = (a*b)*c for all a,b,c belongs to S or the elements follow associative property under “*”. (Matrix,*) and (Set of integers,+) are examples of semigroup.

3. Condition for monoid is __________

a) (a+e)=a

b) (a*e)=(a+e)

c) a=(a*(a+e)

d) (a*e)=(e*a)=a

View Answer

Explanation: A Semigroup (S,*) is defined as a monoid if there exists an element e in S such that (a*e) = (e*a) = a for all a in S. This element is called identity element of S w.r.t *.

4. A monoid is called a group if _______

a) (a*a)=a=(a+c)

b) (a*c)=(a+c)

c) (a+c)=a

d) (a*c)=(c*a)=e

View Answer

Explanation: A monoid(B,*) is called Group if to each element there exists an element c such that (a*c)=(c*a)=e. Here e is called an identity element and c is defined as the inverse of the corresponding element.

5. A group (M,*) is said to be abelian if ___________

a) (x+y)=(y+x)

b) (x*y)=(y*x)

c) (x+y)=x

d) (y*x)=(x+y)

View Answer

Explanation: A group (M,*) is said to be abelian if (x*y) = (x*y) for all x, y belongs to M. Thus Commutative property should hold in a group.

6. Matrix multiplication is a/an _________ property.

a) Commutative

b) Associative

c) Additive

d) Disjunctive

View Answer

Explanation: The set of two M*M non-singular matrices form a group under matrix multiplication operation. Since matrix multiplication is itself associative, it holds associative property.

7. A cyclic group can be generated by a/an ________ element.

a) singular

b) non-singular

c) inverse

d) multiplicative

View Answer

Explanation: A singular element can generate a cyclic group. Every element of a cyclic group is a power of some specific element which is known as a generator ‘g’.

8. How many properties can be held by a group?

a) 2

b) 3

c) 5

d) 4

View Answer

Explanation: A group holds five properties simultaneously –

i) Closure

ii) associative

iii) Commutative

iv) Identity element

v) Inverse element.

9. A cyclic group is always _________

a) abelian group

b) monoid

c) semigroup

d) subgroup

View Answer

Explanation: A cyclic group is always an abelian group but every abelian group is not a cyclic group. For instance, the rational numbers under addition is an abelian group but is not a cyclic one.

10. {1, i, -i, -1} is __________

a) semigroup

b) subgroup

c) cyclic group

d) abelian group

View Answer

Explanation: The set of complex numbers {1, i, -i, -1} under multiplication operation is a cyclic group. Two generators i and -i will covers all the elements of this group. Hence, it is a cyclic group.

**Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Discrete Mathematics.**

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