# Design of RC Structures Questions and Answers – Axially Loaded Columns – Elastic Theory

This set of Design of RC Structures Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Axially Loaded Columns – Elastic Theory”.

1. According to Euler’s theory which one is true for an Euler column (n2=P/EI)?
a) (D2+n2)y=0
b) (D+1)y=0
c) (D3﻿+n)y=0
d) (D+2)y=0
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: According to Euler’s theory of buckling the moment of a typical column section cut at x, the moment is given as
M(x) = -Py=EI d2y/dx2
This gives: d2y/dx2+ Py/EI=0
Using differential operator and substituting n2=P/EI
(D2+n2)y=0

2. A column is having effective length 4m and another column is having length of 6m respectively. What is the ratio of critical buckling load?
a) 9:4
b) 4:9
c) 5:9
d) 9:5
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: As we know that,
Pcr=EI(π/l)2, here we can conclude P1/P2=(l2/l1)2
= (6/4)2 = 9:4.

3. The radius of gyration of two columns are respectively 200mm and 500mm.What is the ratio of critical buckling load?
a) 4:25
b) 25:4
c) 3:16
d) 16:3
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: According to recommendation of Euler theory,
Pcr=EAr2(π/l)2
P1/P2 = (200/500)2 = (2/5)2 = 4:25.
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4. The assumption of the Euler’s theory is which of the following?
a) The column is bent and load is applied through point of eccentricity
b) The column is axially straight and load is applied through point of eccentricity
c) The column is bent and load is applied through point of centroid
d) The column is axially straight and load is applied through point of centroid of the section
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: If a column is axially straight then there is no eccentricity of the column about any axis. Therefore, the column is loaded through the centroid of the straight section, this is the basic assumption mentioned in Euler’s theory of buckling.

5. How the stress of the section (Ϭ) is related to the slenderness ration (l/r=k)?
a) E(π/k)2
b) A(π/k)2
c) E(A/k)2
d) EAr2(π/k)2
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: As given by Euler’s theory of buckling,
P = EAr2(π/l)2
P/A = Eπ2/(l/r)2
Ϭ = Eπ2/(k)2
Ϭ = E(π/k)2.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Design of RC Structures

To practice all areas of Design of RC Structures, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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