C++ Program to Generate All Possible Combinations of a Given List of Numbers

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This is a C++ program to generate all possible combinations of given list of numbers.

Problem Description

1. This algorithm print all the possible combination of each length from the given array.
2. The time complexity of this algorithm is O(n*(2^n)).

Problem Solution

1. This algorithm takes the input of ‘n’ data element and prints all possible combination.
2. For that, it maintains a boolean array of length ‘n’.
3. If the corresponding boolean value is true, then it prints that element.
4. Exit.

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Program/Source Code

C++ Program to generate all possible combinations of the given list of numbers.
This program is successfully run on Dev-C++ using TDM-GCC 4.9.2 MinGW compiler on a Windows system.

#include<iostream>
 
using namespace std;
 
// A function to print all combination of a given length from the given array.
void Combination(int a[], int reqLen, int start, int currLen, bool check[], int len) 
{
	// Return if the currLen is more than the required length.
	if(currLen > reqLen)
	return;
	// If currLen is equal to required length then print the sequence.
	else if (currLen == reqLen) 
	{
		cout<<"\t";
		for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) 
		{
			if (check[i] == true) 
			{
				cout<<a[i]<<" ";
			}
		}
		cout<<"\n";
		return;
	}
	// If start equals to len then return since no further element left.
	if (start == len) 
	{
		return;
	}
	// For every index we have two options.
	// First is, we select it, means put true in check[] and increment currLen and start.
	check[start] = true;
	Combination(a, reqLen, start + 1, currLen + 1, check, len);
	// Second is, we don't select it, means put false in check[] and only start incremented.
	check[start] = false;
	Combination(a, reqLen, start + 1, currLen, check, len);
}
 
int main()
{
	int i, n;
	bool check[n];
	cout<<"Enter the number of element array have: ";
	cin>>n;
 
	int arr[n];
	cout<<"\n";
 
	// Take the input of the array.
	for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
	{
		cout<<"Enter "<<i+1<<" element: ";
		cin>>arr[i];
		check[i] = false;
	}
 
	// For each length of sub-array, call the Combination().
	for(i = 1; i <= n; i++)
	{
		cout<<"\nThe combination of  length "<<i<<" for the given array set:\n";
		Combination(arr, i, 0, 0, check, n);
	}
	return 0;
}
Program Explanation

1. Take the input of an array of ‘n’ data element.
2. Assign the boolean array to false initially.
3. For each length ‘i’ call the Combination() function.
4. In Combination(), if currLen is more than the reqLen then return.
5. Otherwise, if currLen is equal to reqLen then there will be a new sequence generated, print it.
6. There will be two option either proceed with a start as ‘true’ and recursively call Combination() with incremented value of ‘currLen’ and ‘start’.
7. Or proceed with a start as ‘false’ and recursively call Combination() with incremented value of ‘start’.
8. Exit.

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Runtime Test Cases
Case 1:
Enter the number of element array have: 5
 
Enter 1 element: 1
Enter 2 element: 2
Enter 3 element: 3
Enter 4 element: 4
Enter 5 element: 5
 
The combination of  length 1 for the given array set:
        1
        2
        3
        4
        5
 
The combination of  length 2 for the given array set:
        1 2
        1 3
        1 4
        1 5
        2 3
        2 4
        2 5
        3 4
        3 5
        4 5
 
The combination of  length 3 for the given array set:
        1 2 3
        1 2 4
        1 2 5
        1 3 4
        1 3 5
        1 4 5
        2 3 4
        2 3 5
        2 4 5
        3 4 5
 
The combination of  length 4 for the given array set:
        1 2 3 4
        1 2 3 5
        1 2 4 5
        1 3 4 5
        2 3 4 5
 
The combination of  length 5 for the given array set:
        1 2 3 4 5

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn