Java Program to Create a Vertical Scrollbar with Scroll Button Length 30px


This is a Java program to create a vertical scrollbar with a scroll button length 30px.

Problem Description

We have to write a program in Java such that it creates a vertical scrollbar whose starting and ending positions are 0px and 400px with scroll button length 30px.

Expected Input and Output

For creating a vertical scrollbar, we can have the following set of input and output.


To Create a Vertical Scrollbar :
At the execution of the program, it is expected that the frame consists of a vertical scrollbar with the given parameters (0px, 400px) with scroll button length 30px.

Problem Solution

1. Create a frame.
2. Create a scrollbar with vertical orientation and scroll size 30px.
3. Set the minimum and maximum value of scroll bar to 0 and 400 respectively.
4. Add the scrollbar to frame, and display the frame.

Program/Source Code

Here is source code of the Java Program to create a vertical scrollbar. The program is successfully compiled and tested using javac compiler on Fedora 30.

  1. /*Java Program to create a vertical scrollbar*/
  2. import javax.swing.*;
  3. import java.awt.*;
  4. class Vertical_ScrollBar
  5. {
  6. 	//Driver function
  7. 	public static void main(String args[])
  8. 	{
  9. 		//Create a frame
  10. 		JFrame frame=new JFrame("Vertical Scrollbar");
  11. 		frame.setSize(500,500);
  12. 		frame.setLayout(null);
  13. 		frame.getContentPane().setBackground(Color.white);
  14. 		frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
  15. 		//Create a Scrollbar
  16. 		Scrollbar scroll=new Scrollbar();
  17. 		scroll.setOrientation(Scrollbar.VERTICAL);
  18. 		scroll.setBounds(225,0,50,400);
  19. 		scroll.setMaximum(400);
  20. 		scroll.setMinimum(0);
  21. 		//Set size of scroll
  22. 		scroll.setVisibleAmount(30);
  23. 		//Add scrollbar to frame
  24. 		frame.add(scroll);
  25. 		//Display the frame
  26. 		frame.setVisible(true);
  27. 	}
  28. }
Program Explanation

1. Create a frame with background color & specific size. frame.setBackground(Color.white); is used to create the frame background color as white. frame.setSize(500,500); is used to set the width and height of the frame.
2. frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); is a default close operation for the frame.
3. Create a scrollbar and add it to the frame by using frame.add();.
Scrollbar scroll=new Scrollbar(); –> Used to create the scrollbar.
4. scroll.setOrientation(Scrollbar.VERTICAL); –> setOrientation is used to set the orientation of the scrollbar to vertical or horizontal. The orientation of the scrollbar used in this program is vertical.
5. scroll.setBounds(225,0,50,400); –> Sets the position of scrollbar.
6. scroll.setMaximum(400); –> setMaximum is used to set the maximum value of the scrollbar. The maximum value the scrollbar in this program is 400px.
7. scroll.setMinimum(0); –> setMinimum is used to set the minimum value of the scrollbar. The minimum value the scrollbar in this program is 0px.
8. scroll.setVisibleAmount(30); –> setVisibleAmount is used to set the size of the scroll. The size of the scroll in this program is 30px.
9. frame.add(scroll); –> It is used to add the scrollbar to the frame.
10. frame.setVisible(true); is used to display the frame.

Runtime Test Cases

Here’s the run time test case for creating a vertical scrollbar.


Test case – Here’s the runtime output to view the scrollbar. Once the program is executed, it displays the frame which consists of a vertical scrollbar with the given parameters (0px, 400px) with scroll button length 30px.


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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn