This is a java program to check whether a graph is strongly connected or weakly connected. If graph has more than one connected components it is weakly connected. If graph has only one connected component it is strongly connected.

Here is the source code of the Java Program to Check Whether it is Weakly Connected or Strongly Connected for a Directed Graph. The Java program is successfully compiled and run on a Windows system. The program output is also shown below.

package com.sanfoundry.graph;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.Iterator;

import java.util.List;

import java.util.Scanner;

import java.util.Stack;

public class StronglyorWeaklyConnectedDigraphs

`{`

private int V;

private int preCount;

private int[] low;

private boolean[] visited;

private List<Integer>[] graph;

private List<List<Integer>> sccComp;

private Stack<Integer> stack;

`/** function to get all strongly connected components **/`

public List<List<Integer>> getSCComponents(List<Integer>[] graph)

`{`

V = graph.length;

this.graph = graph;

low = new int[V];

visited = new boolean[V];

stack = new Stack<Integer>();

sccComp = new ArrayList<>();

for (int v = 0; v < V; v++)

if (!visited[v])

dfs(v);

return sccComp;

`}`

`/** function dfs **/`

public void dfs(int v)

`{`

low[v] = preCount++;

visited[v] = true;

stack.push(v);

int min = low[v];

for (int w : graph[v])

`{`

if (!visited[w])

dfs(w);

if (low[w] < min)

min = low[w];

`}`

if (min < low[v])

`{`

low[v] = min;

return;

`}`

List<Integer> component = new ArrayList<Integer>();

int w;

`do`

`{`

w = stack.pop();

component.add(w);

low[w] = V;

`}`

while (w != v);

sccComp.add(component);

`}`

@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")

public static void main(String[] args)

`{`

Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);

System.out.println("Enter number of Vertices");

`/** number of vertices **/`

int V = scan.nextInt();

`/** make graph **/`

List<Integer>[] g = new List[V];

for (int i = 0; i < V; i++)

g[i] = new ArrayList<Integer>();

`/** accept all edges **/`

System.out.println("Enter number of edges");

int E = scan.nextInt();

`/** all edges **/`

System.out.println("Enter the edges in the graph : <from> <to>");

for (int i = 0; i < E; i++)

`{`

int x = scan.nextInt();

int y = scan.nextInt();

g[x].add(y);

`}`

StronglyConnectedGraph t = new StronglyConnectedGraph();

System.out.print("The graph is : ");

`/** print all strongly connected components **/`

List<List<Integer>> scComponents = t.getSCComponents(g);

Iterator<List<Integer>> iterator = scComponents.iterator();

boolean weaklyConnected = false;

while (iterator.hasNext())

`{`

if (iterator.next().size() <= 1)

`{`

weaklyConnected = true;

`}`

`}`

if (weaklyConnected == true)

System.out.println("Weakly Connected");

`else`

System.out.println("Strongly Connected");

scan.close();

`}`

`}`

Output:

$ javac StronglyorWeaklyConnectedDigraphs.java $ java StronglyorWeaklyConnectedDigraphs Enter number of Vertices 6 Enter number of edges 7 Enter the edges in the graph : <from> <to> 0 1 1 2 1 3 3 4 4 5 5 3 5 2 The graph is : Weakly Connected

**Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – 1000 Java Programs.**

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