Heat Transfer Questions and Answers – Turbulent Film Condensation

This set of tricky Heat Transfer Questions & Answers focuses on “Turbulent Film Condensation”.

1. Which parameter is responsible for the commencement of the turbulent flow?
a) Fourier number
b) Reynolds number
c) Stanton number
d) Nusselt number
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The character of condensate film can range from laminar to highly turbulent.

2. The transition from laminar to turbulent flow occurs at a critical Reynolds number of
a) 1800
b) 2200
c) 2600
d) 3000
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: For turbulent film condensation on vertical surfaces, Kirk bride has suggested the correlation for the average heat transfer coefficient which is valid for Reynolds number greater than 1800.

3. A condenser is to be designed to condense 225.0 kg of steam per hour at a pressure of 0.15 bar. A square array of 400 tubes, each of 6 mm in diameter, is available for the task. If the tube surface temperature is to be maintained at 26 degree Celsius, make calculations for the length of the tube
a) 4.353 m
b) 3.353 m
c) 2.353 m
d) 1.353 m
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: t sat = 54 degree Celsius and h f g = 2373000 J/kg, t f = 40 degree Celsius and h v = 0.725 [k 3 g p 2 h f g/l δ (t sat – t s)] 0.25 = 5202.34 W/m2 K. Total S.A of 400 tubes = 7.536l and heat flow rate = m h f g.

4. The outer surface of a vertical tube is 1.25 m long and outer diameter is 50 mm is exposed to saturated steam at atmospheric pressure. If the tube surface is maintained at 80 degree Celsius by the flow of cooling water through it, determine the rate of heat transfer to the coolant
a) 47648 W
b) 12345 W
c) 19879 W
d) 97123 W
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: h v = 0.943 [k 3 p 2 g h f g/δ l (t sat – t s)] 0.25 = 5046.8 W/m 2 k and heat flow rate = 19879 W.

5. Consider the above problem, find the rate at which steam is condensed at the tube surface
a) 7.7 * 10 -3
b) 8.7 * 10 -3
c) 9.7 * 10 -3
d) 10.7 * 10 -3
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Steam condensation rate = 198789/2285 * 10 3 = 8.7 * 10 -3.

6. What is the value of characteristics length in turbulent film condensation?
a) δ
b) 3 δ
c) 2 δ
d) 4 δ
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: d = 4 A/P = 4 b δ/b = 4 δ. Where δ is length of the plate.

7. What is the value of Reynolds number in terms of mass flow rate?
a) 4 m/δ b
b) 2 m/δ b
c) 3 m/δ b
d) m /δ b
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: R = V 4 δ p/δ = 4 m/δ b. Where δ is the length of the plate and b id width of the plate.

8. Kirk bride criterion is given by
a) h = 0.0057 (Re) 0.4 [k 3 p 2 g/δ 2] 1/3
b) h = 0.0067 (Re) 0.4 [k 3 p 2 g/δ 2] 1/3
c) h = 0.0077 (Re) 0.4 [k 3 p 2 g/δ 2] 1/3
d) h = 0.0087 (Re) 0.4 [k 3 p 2 g/δ 2] 1/3
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: This is valid for Re greater than 1800.

9. The relation between relative effectiveness of horizontal and vertical tubes as condensing surfaces is given by
a) h h/h v = 0.768 (l/d)
b) h h/h v = 0.768 (l/d) 0.25
c) h h/h v = 0.768 (l/d) 0.5
d) h h/h v = 0.768 (l/d) 1.25
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: h h/h v = 0.725/0.943 [(l/d) 0.25].

10. For n-tubes in a vertical column of the tube bank pattern, identify the correct statement
a) D e = n D
b) D e = n 2 D
c) D e = (1/n) D
d) D e = D
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: It should be n times the diameter of a single tube in the bank.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Heat Transfer.

To practice tricky questions on all areas of Heat Transfer, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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