This set of Total Quality Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Objectives and Features of TPM”.
1. Which of the following is not a type of loss examined by TPM?
a) Down-time loss
b) Speed loss
c) Defect loss
d) Forecasting loss
Explanation: Downtime loss, speed loss, and defect loss are the different types of loss examined by TPM. These are important to identify to improve equipment effectiveness.
2. TQM focuses on achieving autonomous maintenance.
Explanation: TQM focuses on achieving autonomous maintenance. It allows the people who are operating the equipment to take responsibility of the maintenance tasks.
3. MP in Total Productive Maintenance refers to ______
a) Main program
b) Main part
c) Maintenance prevention
d) Major part
Explanation: MP in Total Productive Maintenance refers to maintenance prevention. It is an aim at moving towards zero maintenance. It is of utmost importance due to its impact on reducing costs in production incurred by the organization.
4. Breakdowns lead to long interruptions.
Explanation: Breakdowns lead to long interruptions. They are considered as a loss that TPM tries to eliminate. The repairs are also expensive and therefore breakdowns must be avoided.
5. Which of the following loss refers to the gradual deterioration in equipment cycle times?
a) Increased speed
b) Reduced speed
c) Maximum speed
d) Optimum speed
Explanation: The gradual deterioration in equipment cycle times is referred to as ‘reduced speed’ loss. It needs to be corrected by identifying potential causes of reduction in equipment cycle time.
6. Which of the following is not a loss that TPM focuses on reducing?
a) Equipment breakdown
b) Defects and rework
c) Idling and minor stoppages
d) Optimized equipment cycle time
Explanation: Equipment breakdown, defects, reworks, idling and minor stoppages are some of the losses that TPM focuses to reduce. Start-up losses, setup and changeover losses are also accounted for by TPM.
7. Which of the following is not a goal shared by TPM?
a) Zero defects
b) Maximum productivity
c) Minimum productivity
d) Zero breakdowns
Explanation: Zero defects, maximum productivity, and zero breakdowns are the goals shared by TPM. Everyone starting from the top management to the equipment operators is responsible for equipment maintenance.
8. Which pillar of TPM focuses on routine maintenance?
a) Training and Education
d) Autonomous maintenance
Explanation: Autonomous maintenance focuses on routine maintenance. Routine maintenance includes cleaning, lubricating, and inspection operations performed by the operators.
9. Which of the following is not an advantage of autonomous maintenance?
a) Sense of ownership in operators
b) Increases operator knowledge of equipment
c) Ensures clean and lubricated equipment
d) Demotes customer satisfaction
Explanation: Autonomous maintenance aims at bringing in a sense of ownership in operators. It increases operator knowledge of equipment. It also ensures clean and lubricated equipment. It enforces routine maintenance activities.
10. Which of the following loss refers to the equipment’s inability to get to steady state quickly after a change?
b) Start-up loss
c) Defects and rework
Explanation: Start-up loss refers to the equipment’s inability to get to steady state quickly after a change. It is part of the six major losses identified by the total productive maintenance process.
11. Which of the following is the most reasonable time taken by an organization to implement TPM?
a) Two days
b) Three years
c) Five days
d) Fifty years
Explanation: TPM takes a minimum of two years on an average to be implemented successfully in any organization. Two and five days are too less and fifty years is too much. So, three years is a correct realization.
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