# Total Quality Management Questions and Answers – Lean Manufacturing Tools – Kanban, Five Lean Principles & Visual Factory

This set of Total Quality Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Lean Manufacturing Tools – Kanban, Five Lean Principles & Visual Factory”.

1. Which of the following means ‘visual cards’?
a) Poka-yoke
b) 5S
c) Muda
d) Kanban

Explanation: Kanban means visual cards. It is a visual aid that triggers action. Kanban is utilized in lean manufacturing and just-in-time manufacturing.

2. C-Kanban is also known as _______
a) P- Kanban
b) Production Kanban
c) Withdrawal Kanban
d) Poka-Yoke

Explanation: C-Kanban is also known as Withdrawal Kanban. ‘C’ stands for conveyance in C-Kanban.

3. Withdrawal Kanban is also known as Move Kanban.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Withdrawal Kanban is also known as Move Kanban. Conveyance Kanban, Withdrawal Kanban and Move Kanban all mean the same.

4. P-Kanban is also known as Production Kanban.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: P-Kanban is also known as Production Kanban. P-Kanban and C-Kanban are the two main types of Kanban cards.

5. Calculate number of Kanbans if the hourly demand is 200 units, lead time is 12 hours, container capacity is 144 units, and variation in lead time is 15%.
a) 23
b) 22
c) 21
d) 20

Explanation: Number of Kanban is given by the formula DT(1+x)/C. So, number of Kanban=((200*12)(1+0.15))/144=20.
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6. _______ signals the need to produce more parts and ______ signals the need to deliver more parts to the next work center.
a) P-Kanban, C-Kanban
b) P-Kanban, P-Kanban
c) C-Kanban, C-Kanban
d) C-Kanban, P-Kanban

Explanation: P-Kanban signals the need to produce more parts and C-Kanban signals the need to deliver more parts to the next work center. P-Kanban and C-Kanban are the two main types of Kanban cards.

7. Which of the following does not belong to the five principles of lean?
a) Identifying Value
b) Mapping the value stream
c) Creating flow
d) Establishing push

Explanation: The five key principles of lean were given by Womack and Jones. They are identifying value, mapping the value stream, creating flow, establishing pull, and seeking perfection.

8. Which of the following is not an example of visual factory tools?
a) Visual indicators
b) Visual displays
c) Visual controls
d) Benchmarking

Explanation: Visual indicators, visual displays, and visual controls are examples of visual factory tools. They simplify information and reduce time and resources.

9. Which of the following is not a benefit of a visual factory?
a) Safer workplace
b) Improved productivity
c) Lower profits
d) Improved output

Explanation: Safer workplace, improved productivity, and improved output are benefits of a visual factory. In fact, there are higher profits due to more efficient processes.

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