This set of Strength of Materials Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Introduction to Shear Stress”.

1. At ________ the shearing stress in a beam are maximum.

a) Extreme fibres

b) Modulus of section

c) Neutral axis

d) Along the cross-sectional area

View Answer

Explanation: Shearing stress in a beam is maximum at the neutral axis. Shearing stress is defined as the resistance offered by the internal stress to the shear force.

2. Determine the shear stress at the level of neutral axis, if a beam has a triangle cross section having base “b” and altitude “h”. Let the shear force be subjected is F.

a) 3F/8bh

b) 4F/3bh

c) 8F/3bh

d) 3F/6bh

View Answer

Explanation: For a triangular section subjected to shear force the shear stress in neutral axis is

Shear stress at NA = 4/3 [Average shear stress].

= 4/3 [F/0.5 bh] = 8F / 3bh.

3. The maximum shear stress is______ times the average shear stress [For rectangular beams].

a) 2.5

b) 3

c) 1.2

d) 1.5

View Answer

Explanation: The maximum shear stress occurs at neutral axis. Then y = 0.

Max shear stress = 3F/2bd = 3/2 [ F/bd ].

= 1.5 Average shear stress.

4. Shear stress in a beam is zero at ______

a) Neutral axis

b) Extreme fibres

c) Cross section

d) Junctions

View Answer

Explanation: The resistance offered by the internal stress to shear is known as shearing stress. Shearing stress is zero at extreme fibres of the beam. The bending stresses are maximum at extreme fibres of the beam cross section.

5. Shear stress distribution over rectangular section will be _________

a) parabolic

b) elliptical

c) triangular

d) trapezoidal

View Answer

Explanation:

Maximum shear stress is 1.5 times that of average shear stress.

The shear stress distribution is parabolic.

6. A round Steel rod of 100 mm diameter is bent into an arc of radius 100m. What is the maximum stress in the rod? Take E = 2×10^{5} N/mm^{2}.

a) 150 N/mm^{2}

b) 200 N/mm^{2}

c) 100 N/mm^{2}

d) 300 N/mm^{2}

View Answer

Explanation: D = 100m

y = 50 mm

R = 10 × 10

^{3}mm

By equation of flexure; E/R = f/y

f=E/R ×y

= 2×10

^{5}/ 100 × 10

^{3}× 50

= 100 N/mm

^{2}.

7. For circular section, the maximum shear stress is equal to ____ times of average shear stress.

a) 2/3

b) 3/2

c) 4/3

d) 3/4

View Answer

Explanation: Maximum shear stress occurs at neutral axis & y = 0.

Max. Shear stress = 4/3 [ F/A ].

F/A is average shear stress.

The maximum shear stress distribution is 33% more than average shear stress.

8. A steel beam is 200 mm wide and 300 mm deep. The beam is simply supported and carries a concentrated load w. If the maximum stress are 2 N/mm^{2}. What will be the corresponding load?

a) 50 kN

b) 80 kN

c) 40 kN

d) 85 kN

View Answer

Explanation: For a rectangular cross section

Max. Shear stress = 3/2 [F/A ] 2 = 3/2 [w/200 × 300].

w = 80 kN.

9. Maximum shear stress in thin cylindrical shell be ___________

a) pr/2t

b) pr/3t

c) pr/4t

d) pr/ 5t

View Answer

Explanation: Hoop stress P(h) = pr/t

Longitudinal stress P(l) = pr/2t

Thus, hoop stress is twice the longitudinal stress

Max. Shear stress = P(h) – P(l) / 2

= pr/4t.

10. Circumferential stress is same as of _________

a) Hoop stress

b) Longitudinal stress

c) Transverse stress

d) Phreatic stress

View Answer

Explanation: In a thin cylindrical shell of internal radius r thickness t when subjected to internal fluid pressure P, the stress developed in the internal walls can be termed as circumferential stress or hoop stress.

P(h) = pr/t.

**Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Strength of Materials. **

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