This set of Basic Strength of Materials Questions and Answers focuses on “Shear Stress Distribution in Various Sections”.

1. A beam has a triangular cross-section, having altitude ”h” and base “b”. If the section is being subjected to a shear force “F”. Calculate the shear stress at the level of neutral axis in the cross section.

a) 4F/5bh

b) 4F/3bh

c) 8F/3bh

d) 3F/4bh

View Answer

Explanation: For a triangular section subjected to a shear force, the shear stress at neutral axis is

= 4/3 × average shear stress

= 4/3 × F/A/2 ; A = bh

= 8F/3bh.

2. The maximum shear stress in the rectangular section is ______________ times the average shear stress.

a) 3/4

b) 3/7

c) 5/3

d) 3/2

View Answer

Explanation: The maximum shear stress occurs at the neutral axis. So, y = 0.

Maximum shear stress = 3/2 × F/bd (• Average shear stress = F/bd ).

= 3/2 × average shear stress.

3.The modular ratio for M20 grade concrete is _____________

a) 16

b) 13

c) 11

d) 07

View Answer

Explanation: According to Indian Standards 456-2000 The modular ratio (m) = 280/3× cbc, For M20; compressive bearing capacity in concrete = 7 N/mm

^{2}& tensile strength = 330 N/mm

^{2}.

Modular ratio (m) = 280/21 = 13.33.

4. In doubly reinforced beam, the maximum shear stress occurs ______________

a) along the centroid

b) along the neutral axis

c) on the planes between neutral axis and tensile reinforcement

d) on the planes between neutral axis and compressive reinforcement

View Answer

Explanation: In continuous beam the moments developed at the supports are greater than a moment’s developed at the mid span, show the maximum bending moment occurs at the supports.

For continuous beams, the maximum shear stress occurs at the planes intersecting the compressive reinforcement and the neutral axis.

5. A cylindrical section having no joint is known as _______________

a) Proof section

b) Seamless section

c) Target section

d) Mown section

View Answer

Explanation: A cylindrical section having no joint is known as seamless section. Built up section is not that strong as a seamless section of the same thickness.

6. The efficiency of cylindrical section is the ratio of the strength of joint to the strength of _______________

a) Solid plate

b) Boilerplate

c) Circumferential plate

d) Longitudinal plate

View Answer

Explanation: The strength of plate or strength of rivet whichever is less is called the strength of joint. The ratio of the strength of joint to the strength of steel plate is called the efficiency of the cylinder.

7. Calculate the modulus of section for a hollow circular column of external diameter 60 mm and 10 mm thickness.

a) 170 m

b) 190 m

c) 250 m

d) 300 m

View Answer

Explanation: Given data :

D = 60 mm ; t = 10 mm & d = 60 – 2×10 = 40 mm

For hollow circular section, modulus of section( Z ) = 3.14 × D

^{4}– d

^{4}/ 32 D.

= 17016.3 mm = 170 m.

8. Determine the modulus of a section for an I section, given the distance from neutral axis is 50 mm and moment of inertia is 2.8×10^{6} mm^{4}.

a) 59m

b) 51m

c) 58m

d) 63m

View Answer

Explanation: The modulus of section is the ratio of the moment of inertia to the distance of the neutral axis.

Given y = 50 mm

I = 2.8×10

^{6}mm

^{4}.

& Z = I/y = 2.8×10

^{6}/ 50

= 57.76 ×10

^{3}mm

= 57.7 ~ 58 m.

9. A circular Beam of 0.25 m diameter is subjected to you shear force of 10 kN. Calculate the value of maximum shear stress. [Take area = 176 m^{2}].

a) 0.75 N/mm^{2}

b) 0.58 N/mm^{2}

c) 0.73 N/mm^{2}

d) 0.65 N/mm^{2}

View Answer

Explanation: Given diameter = 0.25 m

Area (A) = 176 m

^{2}

Shear Force (F) = 10 kN ~ 10000 N.

For circular cross section the maximum shear stress is equal to 4/3 times of average shear stress

Maximum shear force = 4/3 × F/A

= 4/3 × 10000/176

= 0.75 N/mm

^{2}.

10. The maximum shear stress distribution is _____________ percentage more than average shear stress in circular section.

a) 54 %

b) 60 %

c) 33 %

d) 50 %

View Answer

Explanation: Maximum shear stress occurs at neutral axis; y =0

Maximum shear stress = 16/3 × average shear stress

But 4F / A is the average shear stress.

So, the maximum shear stress = 4/3 times the average shear stress.

Hence the maximum shear stress is 33% more than the average shear stress in a circular section.

**Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Strength of Materials. **

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