This set of Data Structures & Algorithms Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Skew Heap”.

1. ___________ is a self-adjusting version of a leftist heap.

a) Rightist heap

b) Skew heap

c) d-heap

d) Binary heap

View Answer

Explanation: A skew heap is a self-adjusting version of a leftist heap and it is simpler to implement.

2. The worst case running time of all operations in a skew heap is given as?

a) O(N)

b) O(N log N)

c) O(N^{2})

d) O(M log N)

View Answer

Explanation: The worst case running time of all operations in a skew heap is mathematically found to be O(N).

3. What is the amortized cost per operation of a skew heap?

a) O(N)

b) O(N log N)

c) O(N^{2})

d) O(log N)

View Answer

Explanation: The amortized cost per operation of a skew heap is O(log N) since the worst case analysis of skew heap is O(N) and splay tree is O(M log N).

4. The relationship of skew heaps to leftist heaps is analogous to that of?

a) Splay tree and AVL tree

b) Red black tree and AVL tree

c) Binary tree and Splay tree

d) Binary tree and Red black tree

View Answer

Explanation: Splay tree is a self -adjusting version of AVL tree. Similarly, skew heap is a self-adjusting version of leftist heap.

5. What is the fundamental operation performed in skew heaps?

a) intersection

b) difference

c) merging

d) sorting

View Answer

Explanation: The fundamental operation of skew heaps is merging. Hence, it is similar to that of a leftist heap.

6. What is the time per operation of merging, insertion and deletion operations in a skew heap?

a) O(N)

b) O(log N)

c) O(N log N)

d) O(N^{2})

View Answer

Explanation: Skew heaps support merging, insertion and deletion all effectively in O(log N) time per operation.

7. Why would a recursive implementation fail in skew heaps?

a) skew heaps are self adjusting

b) efficiency gets reduced

c) lack of stack space

d) time complexity

View Answer

Explanation: In skew heaps, a recursive implementation could fail because of lack of stack space even though performance is acceptable.

8. Which of the following is difficult to determine the right path length?

a) Skew heaps

b) Binomial tree

c) Leftist heap

d) d-heap

View Answer

Explanation: It is an open problem to determine precisely the expected right path length of both leftist and skew heaps and comparatively, the latter is difficult.

9. The worst case analysis for a naïve merge is given as?

a) O(N)

b) O( log N)

c) O( N log N)

d) O(N^{2})

View Answer

Explanation: The worst-case analysis for the naïve merge is an insertion in a right heavy tree. So, insertion takes O(N).

10. How many types of the merge are available in skew heaps?

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

View Answer

Explanation: Two kinds of the merge are available in skew heaps- naïve merge and skew merge.

11. Naïve merge cannot be done in a skew merge.

a) true

b) false

View Answer

Explanation: One way of doing skew merge is to begin with naïve merge and then swapping the left and right children of the tree.

12. What is the amortized efficiency of skew merge?

a) O(N)

b) O( log N)

c) O( N log N)

d) O(N^{2})

View Answer

Explanation: The amortized efficiency of a skew heap is mathematically found to be O( log N).

13. In skew heaps, certain constraints are to be met in order to perform swapping.

a) true

b) false

View Answer

Explanation: In skew heaps, swaps are unconditional. It is done with the exception that the largest of all nodes does not have its children swapped.

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