This set of Python Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “List Comprehension – 2”.

1. Read the information given below carefully and write a list comprehension such that the output is: [‘e’, ‘o’]

w="hello" v=('a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u')

a) [x for w in v if x in v]

b) [x for x in w if x in v]

c) [x for x in v if w in v]

d) [x for v in w for x in w]

View Answer

Explanation: The tuple ‘v’ is used to generate a list containing only vowels in the string ‘w’. The result is a list containing only vowels present in the string “hello”. Hence the required list comprehension is: [x for x in w if x in v].

2. What is the output of the code shown below?

[ord(ch) for ch in 'abc']

a) [97, 98, 99]

b) [‘97’, ‘98’, ‘99’]

c) [65, 66, 67]

d) Error

View Answer

Explanation: The list comprehension shown above returns the ASCII value of each alphabet of the string ‘abc’. Hence the output is: [97, 98, 99]. Had the string been ‘ABC’, the output would be: [65, 66, 67].

3. What is the output of the code shown below?

t=32.00 [round((x-32)*5/9) for x in t]

a) [0]

b) 0

c) [0.00]

d) Error

View Answer

Explanation: The value of t in the code shown above is equal to 32.00, which is a floating point value. ‘Float’ objects are not iterable. Hence the code results in an error.

4. Write a list comprehension for producing a list of numbers between 1 and 1000 that are divisible by 3.

a) [x in range(1, 1000) if x%3==0]

b) [x for x in range(1000) if x%3==0]

c) [x%3 for x in range(1, 1000)]

d) [x%3=0 for x in range(1, 1000)]

View Answer

Explanation: The list comprehension [x for x in range(1000) if x%3==0] produces a list of numbers between 1 and 1000 that are divisible by 3.

5. Write a list comprehension equivalent for the code shown below:

for i in range(1, 101): if int(i*0.5)==i*0.5: print(i)

a) [i for i in range(1, 100) if int(i*0.5)==(i*0.5)]

b) [i for i in range(1, 101) if int(i*0.5)==(i*0.5)]

c) [i for i in range(1, 101) if int(i*0.5)=(i*0.5)]

d) [i for i in range(1, 100) if int(i*0.5)=(i*0.5)]

View Answer

Explanation: The code shown above prints the value ‘i’ only if it satisfies the condition: int(i*0.5) is equal to (i*0.5). Hence the required list comprehension is: [i for i in range(1, 101) if int(i*0.5)==(i*0.5)].

6. What is the list comprehension equivalent for: list(map(lambda x:x**-1, [1, 2, 3]))

a) [1|x for x in [1, 2, 3]]

b) [-1**x for x in [1, 2, 3]]

c) [x**-1 for x in [1, 2, 3]]

d) [x^-1 for x in range(4)]

View Answer

Explanation: The output of the function list(map(lambda x:x**-1, [1, 2, 3])) is [1.0, 0.5, 0.3333333333333333] and that of the list comprehension [x**-1 for x in [1, 2, 3]] is [1.0, 0.5, 0.3333333333333333]. Hence the answer is: [x**-1 for x in [1, 2, 3]].

7. Write a list comprehension to produce the list: [1, 2, 4, 8, 16……212].

a) [(2**x) for x in range(0, 13)]

b) [(x**2) for x in range(1, 13)]

c) [(2**x) for x in range(1, 13)]

d) [(x**2) for x in range(0, 13)]

View Answer

Explanation: The required list comprehension will print the numbers from 1 to 12, each raised to 2. The required answer is thus, [(2**x) for x in range(0, 13)].

8. What is the list comprehension equivalent for:

{x : x is a whole number less than 20, x is even} (including zero)

a) [x for x in range(1, 20) if (x%2==0)]

b) [x for x in range(0, 20) if (x//2==0)]

c) [x for x in range(1, 20) if (x//2==0)]

d) [x for x in range(0, 20) if (x%2==0)]

View Answer

Explanation: The required list comprehension will print a whole number, less than 20, provided that the number is even. Since the output list should contain zero as well, the answer to this question is: [x for x in range(0, 20) if (x%2==0)].

9. What is the output of the list comprehension shown below?

[j for i in range(2,8) for j in range(i*2, 50, i)]

a) A list of prime numbers up to 50

b) A list of numbers divisible by 2, up to 50

c) A list of non prime numbers, up to 50

d) Error

View Answer

Explanation: The list comprehension shown above returns a list of non-prime numbers up to 50.The logic behind this is that the square root of 50 is almost equal to 7. Hence all the multiples of 2-7 are not prime in this range.

10. What is the output of the code shown below?

l=["good", "oh!", "excellent!", "#450"] [n for n in l if n.isalpha() or n.isdigit()]

a) [‘good’, ‘oh’, ‘excellent’, ‘450’ ]

b) [‘good’]

c) [‘good’, ‘#450’]

d) [‘oh!’, ‘excellent!’, ‘#450’]

View Answer

Explanation: The code shown above returns a new list containing only strings which do not have any punctuation in them. The only string from the list which does not contain any punctuation is ‘good’. Hence the output of the code shown above is [‘good’].

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