This set of Professional Communication Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Clauses and Sentences”.
1. A clause contains a subject and a predicate of its own.
Explanation: The statement is true. A clause is a group of words which forms part of a sentence, and contains a subject and a predicate of its own.
2. What is the part of the sentence which denotes the person or thing about which something is said?
Explanation: The part of the sentence which denotes the person or thing about which something is said, is called the subject of the sentence. For example, Mili sings a song. Here, Mili is the subject.
3. Pick out the clause in the following sentence:
Neha played when evening came.
a) Neha played
b) Played when evening
c) When evening came
d) Evening came
Explanation: In the sentence, the group of words ‘when evening came’ make some sense, but it doesn’t make complete sense. It however, has a subject (evening) and predicate (came when) of its own. Such a group of words is called a clause.
4. Pick out the phrase in the sentence:
Monica played at sunset.
b) Monica played
c) Played at sunset
d) At sunset
Explanation: The phrase in the sentence is ‘at sunset ‘. The group of words ‘at sunset ‘ makes some sense but does not make complete sense. Such a group of words is called a phrase.
5. Which of these is not a type of sentence?
Explanation: Sentences can be broadly classified into three types. They are : Simple sentences, Compound sentences and Complex sentences.
6. A sentence with only one clause is called a compound sentence.
Explanation: The statement is false. A sentence with only one clause is called a simple sentence. For example, Aahna broke her hand. A sentence with two or more independent clauses is called a compound sentence.
7. What is a sentence with one principal clause and one or more subordinate clauses called?
a) Compound sentence
b) Complex sentence
c) Simple sentence
d) Principal sentence
Explanation: A sentence with one principal clause and one or more subordinate clauses is called a complex sentence. For example: Pinki found the purse that I had lost. The principal clause is- Pinki found the purse and the subordinate clause is – that I had lost. It shouldn’t be confused with a simple sentence, which is a sentence with only one clause. It is also different from a compound sentence, which is a sentence that contains more than one subject or predicate.
8. Which of these is not a type of subordinate clause?
Explanation: The subordinate clause can be divided into three types. They are: Adverb clause (Eg: Call me when you’ve finished your homework.), Adjective clause (Eg: The street in which he lives, is very safe.) and Noun Clause (Eg: Your body digests whatever you eat.).
9. Fill in the blank with an adjective clause :
The cricket bat ___________ is mine.
a) with a broken handle
b) which has a broken handle
c) and a broken handle
d) with a broke handle
Explanation: The group of words ‘which has a broken handle’ describes the cricket bat and does the work of an adjective. It contains a subject and predicate of its own. It is, therefore, an adjective clause.
10. Choose the correct statement:
a) I’ll write a letter when I will reach Mumbai.
b) I’ll write a letter when I reach Mumbai.
c) I’ll write a letter as I reach Mumbai.
d) I’ll write a letter when I shall reach Mumbai.
Explanation: The correct statement is : I’ll write a letter when I reach Mumbai. When we refer to the future in an adverbial clause of time, we normally use the simple present tense ( not will or shall).
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Professional Communication.
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