Power Plant Questions and Answers – Efficiencies in a Steam Power Plant – 1

This set of Power Plant Engineering Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Efficiencies in a steam power plant – 1”.

1. What percentage of fuel energy is actually converted to electrical energy?
a) 50%
b) 40%
c) 34%
d) 25%
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: In overall process due to losses the 66% of energy is lost.

2. Maximum energy of a power plant is lost in __________
a) condensor
b) pump
c) boiler
d) environment
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: In a condensor heat is rejected to cooling water. This is the loss due to heat to work energy conversion in the cycle.

3. The lower is the value of heat rate __________ is the efficiency.
a) lower
b) higher
c) same
d) depends on further parameters
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The parameter that readily reflects the fuel economy is the heat rate, which is inversely proportional to the efficiency.

4. Overall efficiency is the ratio of power available at generator terminals to rate of energy released by combustion of fuel.
a) true
b) false
c) can’t say
d) not true for all conditions
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Efficiency is power generated / power supplied.

5. The steam from steam generator of a nuclear power plant is best described as __________
a) superheated steam
b) supercritical steam
c) saturated dry steam
d) saturated wet steam
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Steam contains moisture after coming out of boiler.
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6. Under certain conditions, the specific enthalpies of dry steam, saturated water and wet steam are 2783 kJ/kg, 1219 kJ/kg and 2750 kJ/kg respectively. Determine the dryness fraction of wet steam.
a) 0.01
b) 0.02
c) 0.021
d) 0.03
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation:Specific enthalpies of saturated water (hl) and dry steam (hs) are 1219 kJ/kg and 2783 kJ/kg. Substituting these values in the equation “hws= xdhg+(1-xd)hl” gives the dryness fraction as 0.021.

7. What includes fixed cost?
a) cost of land, Cost of building, Cost of equipment, Cost of installation
b) interest
c) management cost
d) all of the mentioned
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: These are the parameters that cannot be neglected and come under the fixed cost.

8. Name the major isotope present in steam generated in a Boiling Water Reactor.
a) N-16
b) D-32
c) N-32
d) D-16
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: It is more economical and more efficient.

9. Efficiency of a power plant is more in summers or winters?
a) summers
b) winters
c) same in both
d) depends on variation
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: In summers the heat loss is more so efficiency is less.

10. What is the mechanical efficiency of turbine?
a) brake output / internal output
b) internal output / brake output
c) blade energy / energy supplied
d) none of the mentioned
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: None.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Power Plant Engineering.

To practice all areas of Power Plant Engineering, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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