This set of Power Electronics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “SOAs”.
1. For a transistor, the safe operating area (SOA) is a plot of
a) Ib versus Vce
b) Ib versus Ic
c) Ic versus Vce
d) Ic versus time
Explanation: For reliable operation the collector current & voltage must remain within the SOA curves.
2. The forward safe operating area (FSOA) pertains to the operation when
a) the device is fired at a 50% Duty cycle
b) the device is forward-biased
c) the device is operated on AC
d) the device is operated on DC
Explanation: The FSOA is for forward biased operations. The FSOA is plotted for AC as well as DC for different duty cycles. Hence, option (b) is the most appropriate choice.
3. The SOAs are plotted always on a _________ scale
Explanation: The scale is always logarithmic, irrespective of the type of device.
4. As the FSOA increases, the pulse width
c) remains constant
Explanation: On reduced pulse width values, the devices can operated on higher voltages & currents.
5. The SOAs provided by the manufacturers are for
a) single pulse operation & a particular temperature
b) multi pulse operation & all the temperature
c) all the conditions
d) a particular duty cycle operation
Explanation: The manufacturer specifies the SOAs only for single pulse DC operation & a particular temperature (usually 20Degree Centigrade Scale). For actual operations, The SOA’s have to be modified using the thermal impedance charts.
6. A device is operating at Ic = 4A & Vce = 50V. For the device to operate at Ic = 20A (Without damaging),
a) voltage should be increased
b) voltage should be reduced
c) voltage can be kept constant
d) current has to increased further
Explanation: For safe operation, the values should be within the limits. P = V.I – with increase in one of the values, another value should decrease.
7. For a BJT, find the maximum power dissipation when the device is safely operated at Vce = 90V and Ic = 0.5A
a) 40 Watts
b) 35 Watts
c) 45 Watts
d) 30 Watts
8. The SOA for a MOSFET is plotted for
a) Id versus Vds
b) Ig versus Id
c) Ig versus Vds
d) Id versus Vgs
Explanation: It is a plot of drain current vs drain to source voltage.
9. The SOA for an IGBT is plotted for
a) Ic versus Vge
b) Ig versus Ic
c) Ig versus Vce
d) Ic versus Vce
Explanation: It is a plot of collector current vs collector to emitter voltage.
10. For MOSFET’s SOA, as the pulse width goes on increasing, the maximum voltage rating ____ & current rating ____
a) is constant, increases
b) increases, decreases
c) decreases, is constant
d) constant, decreases
Explanation: Refer MOSFET’s SOA.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Power Electronics.
To practice all areas of Power Electronics, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.