This set of Powder Metallurgy Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Postsintering Secondary Operations – Sizing, Coining & Repressing”.
1. _______ involve deformation of the sintered part at room temperature.
a) Sizing and joining
c) Shot peening
Explanation: Sintered P/M parts may need additional processing to impart certain characteristics such as improved corrosion resistance, dimensional tolerances or improved strength. Thus, P/M parts are subjected to a number of secondary operations after sintering. Sizing, repressing, and coining involve deformation of the sintered part at room temperature.
2. _______ is a post sintering operation used to correct the dimensional defects during sintering.
Explanation: Sizing is a post sintering operation used to correct size, warping, distortion and other dimensional defects during sintering. It can also be used to improve the surface finish and wear properties of the surface.
3. ______ occurs when an oversize component with hole smaller than core rod is pressed into die.
a) Positive coining
b) Negative sizing
c) Negative coining
d) Positive sizing
Explanation: Positive sizing takes place when a larger component with a smaller hole than core rod is pressed into die. Negative sizing takes place when a small component is put into the sizing die and its hole larger than the core rod.
4. Which of the following treatment is given to a thin-walled bushing which is oversize on both inside and outside diameter?
a) Positive sizing on both inside and outside
b) Positive sizing on inside, and negative sizing on outside
c) Positive sizing on outside, and negative sizing on inside
d) Negative sizing on both inside and outside
Explanation: A thin-walled bushing which is oversize on both inside and outside diameter after sintering can be subjected to positive sizing on outside, and negative sizing on inside.
5. In sizing the amount of deformation is _____ and improvement in density is ______
a) Moderate, constant
b) Small, minimal
c) Minimal, zero
d) Large, significant
Explanation: In sizing, the amount of deformation is small and hence the force required for deformation is less in comparison to the compaction force. The forces involved in sizing are small and, therefore, the improvement in density is minimal.
6. ________ is used for adding surface patterns on to a sintered part.
Explanation: Coining is used for adding surface patterns on to a sintered part. The coining operation carried out after sintering achieves the same results as the sizing operation, but there is significant improvement in density, hardness, and strength because of higher pressures used compared to sizing.
7. Hot coining is a useful technique for ______
a) Porous bearings
b) Sintered friction material
d) Electrical contact
Explanation: Hot coining is a useful technique for cermets. Hot coining consists in the rapid coining of a hot sintered compact directly from the sintering furnace. The bright, clean surfaces within the porous sintered compact are compressed and deformed, producing a sound, highly dense body.
8. _________ is done to reduce dimensional scatter as well as to obtain closure of surface pores.
Explanation: The primary aim of repressing is densification of the sintered part to give improved physical and mechanical properties along with dimensional tolerances. Thus, most of the P/M parts are repressed to reduce dimensional scatter as well as to obtain closure of surface pores.
9. External lubrication is not preferred for sizing, coining, and repressing.
Explanation: Use of external lubricants (liquid or dry) is preferred for various post sintering operations like sizing, coining, and repressing and care should be taken to avoid retention of lubricant by the part which may interfere with further operations like plating.
10. For repressing, the tool size is _____ as that of compact.
Explanation: For repressing, the compact and tool sizes are the same and material flow is in one direction only. With a repressing treatment, pores near the surface are sealed but internal pores remain mostly unaffected. After repressing, there is slight increase in strength with a reduction in ductility and toughness and fatigue strength improves.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Powder Metallurgy.
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