Physics Questions and Answers – Kinetic Theory – Behaviour of Gases

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This set of Physics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Kinetic Theory – Behaviour of Gases”.

1. What is the number of molecules in 2.24L of SO2 at STP?
a) 6.023*1023
b) 6.023*1022
c) 6.023*1020
d) 6.023*1021
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: According to Avogadro’s law 22.4L of any gas at STP is 6.023*1023.
So, in 2.24L there will be 6.023*1023/10
= 6.023*1022.
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2. What is the mass of 22.4L of CO2at STP?
a) 1g
b) 44g
c) 44kg
d) 1kg
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: 22.4L of a gas at STP has a weight equal to its molar mass.
So, the weight of CO2 will be 12+16+16
= 44g.

3. The behavior of real gases approaches that of ideal gas in which of these following conditions?
a) Low pressure & low temperature
b) High Pressure & high temperature
c) Low pressure & high temperature
d) high pressure & low temperature
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Ideal gas is based on the assumptions of kinetic theory of gases(KTG). At low pressure and high temperature the intermolecular forces become less significant and the size of molecules becomes less as compared to separation between them. These are two postulates of KTG and hence in these conditions real gas behavior is similar to that of ideal gases.
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4. There are 3 non-interacting ideal gases in a container. The moles of gases 1,2 & 3 are in the ratio 1:3:5. If the total pressure is 54Pa, find the value of partial pressure of gas 1.
a) 6Pa
b) 12Pa
c) 18Pa
d) 28Pa
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The ratio of partial pressures will be in the same ratio as that of moles, i.e: 1:3:5.
Let the partial pressure of gas 1 be ‘x’.
Thus, x+3x+5x = 54.
x = 6Pa.

5. What is the ratio of densities of 2 gases, O2 & N2, having partial pressures in the ratio 2:3?
a) 16/21
b) 12/7
c) 21/16
d) 7/12
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The ratio of moles is the same as the ratio of partial pressures.
The ratio of densities:
d1/d2= (m1/V)/(m2/V)
= m1/m2= (n1M1)/(n1M2),
where n is the number of moles and M is the molecular mass. d1/d2= (2/3)*(16/14)
= 16/21.
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6. In the given diagram, one graph is of an ideal gas and another is of a real gas. Select the correct option.

a) 1-real gas, 2-ideal gas
b) 1-ideal gas, 2-real gas
c) Both are for an ideal gas at different temperatures
d) Their graphs cannot intersect
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Real gases, unlike ideal gases, consider volume taken up by molecules because of which mean free path decreases or collisions increase and hence pressure increases. So, at low volumes this factor will play a big role and thus for a particular volume in the low volume range, pressure of real gases will be higher. To see which graph belongs to whom we can draw a line parallel to the pressure axis at very low volume. The one having higher pressure will be that of real gases. Therefore, 2-real gas & 1-ideal gas.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Physics – Class 11.

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn | Youtube | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter