This set of Physics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Introduction to Motion in a Straight Line”.
1. In which of the following states does a body possess kinetic energy?
c) When placed on a platform
d) In zero gravity
Explanation: The body moves in the state of motion. Hence it has a velocity and so kinetic energy. Kinetic energy = (1/2)mv2.
2. Which of the following types of motion can be used for describing the motion of a car on a straight road?
Explanation: The motion of a car on straight road is happening along a straight line. Hence the motion can be called rectilinear as rectilinear motion happens along a straight line. Rest all are non rectilinear motions.
3. Which of the following types of motion cannot describe the motion of a clock’s hands?
Explanation: The hands of a clock move in a circular manner. Hence, the motion exhibited is circular motion. Moreover, it happens periodically, so it is also periodic motion. But its is not rectilinear motion.
4. Which force can possibly act on a body moving in a straight line?
a) Tangential force
b) Friction force
c) Centrifugal force
d) Centripetal force
Explanation: In the physical world, no surface is frictionless. Hence whenever a body moves, the force of friction acts on it. Rest all forces act on the body only when it moves along a curve and not along a straight line.
5. What kind of motion is rectilinear motion?
a) One dimensional
b) Two dimensional
c) Three dimensional
d) Zero dimensional
Explanation: Rectilinear motion happens along a straight line. A straight line is one dimensional. Hence, rectilinear motion is one dimensional.
6. When a body is in the state of complete rest, what kind of energy does it possess?
a) Potential energy
b) Kinetic energy
c) Total energy
d) Heat energy
Explanation: When the body is in the state of rest, there is no motion. Hence there is no kinetic energy, hence the total energy of the body is stored as its potential energy. The total energy is the sum of kinetic and potential energies.
7. Which of the following are obtained by dividing total displacement by total time taken?
a) Average velocity
b) Instantaneous velocity
c) Uniform velocity
Explanation: The average velocity is obtained by dividing total displacement by total time taken. Instantaneous velocity is calculated at an instant and not over a period of time. Speed is distance divided by time. Velocity is said to be uniform when velocity at every instant is equal to the average velocity.
8. What is the rate of change of rate of change of displacement of a body?
Explanation: The rate of change of displacement of a body is velocity. The rate of change of rate of displacement of a body, or rate of change of velocity is acceleration.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Physics – Class 11.
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