Organic Chemistry Questions and Answers – Aromatic Hydrocarbons

This set of Organic Chemistry Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Aromatic Hydrocarbons”.

1. Identify the correct statement which is related to aromatic hydrocarbon?
a) It has only sigma bonds
b) It has only pi bonds
c) It has a sigma and two pi bonds
d) It has a sigma and delocalized pi bond
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: An aromatic hydrocarbon always has a sigma as well as a delocalized pi bond found between the carbon atoms.

2. Select the incorrect option.
a) The aromatic hydrocarbon has a pleasant aroma (smell)
b) Some of the aromatic compounds are ring-shaped
c) Aromatic hydrocarbon can be either mono or polycyclic
d) Benzene is the simplest hydrocarbon
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: All the aromatic hydrocarbon are ring shaped as all of them are sp2 hybridized with a geometry of trigonal planar.

3. Which among the following is not a property of aromatic hydrocarbon?
a) These compounds have very good aromaticity
b) These compounds have excellent stability
c) These compounds do not undergo nucleophilic substitutions but they undergo electrophilic substitutions
d) There exists a strong ratio between carbon and hydrogen
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Aromatic hydrocarbons undergo both electrophilic and nucleophilic aromatic substitutions.

4. Arenes does not undergo ___________
a) Dehydrogenation
b) Coupling reaction
c) Halogenation
d) Cyclo additions
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Arenes undergo hydrogenation reaction and form saturated ring products.

5. Which among these is not a representative arene compound?
a) Durene
b) Picric chloride
c) Aspirin
d) Mesitylene
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Picric acid is a representative arene compound but not picric chloride.
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6. Which among these is the simplest example for polycyclic arenes?
a) Benzacephenanthrylene
b) Naphthalene
c) Pyrene
d) Dibenz-anthracene
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Naphthalene has fused ring of aromaticity and has the simplest structure when compared with other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

7. Arenes are polar.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Arenes are insoluble in water and hence they are non polar compounds.

8. Arenes are _________
a) volatile
b) Water soluble
c) Non-carcinogenic
d) Mostly gases
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Arenes have a very low boiling point and hence they are volatile in nature.

9. The main sources of these arenes are _________
a) Petroleum
b) Biogas and petroleum
c) Petroleum and coal tar
d) Natural gas
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: As these petroleum and natural gas comprise of naturally occurring compounds such as carbon and hydrogen in abundance, these serve as the main source of arenes.

10. Benzene has a stronger Vander-Waal’s force than Methylbenzene.
a) False
b) True
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The benzene molecule is smaller than that of the methylbenzene and hence it does not have the Vander-Waal’s forces as equal to those of methylbenzene.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Organic Chemistry.

To practice all areas of Organic Chemistry, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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