# Microelectronics Internship

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Sanfoundry offers internships in "Microelectronics". Read the complete details below regarding the internship requirements, eligibility criterior and the application process.

## Pre-requisite / Skillset for Microelectronics Internship

1. Intern must have adequate knowledge on fundamental analysis and various IC’s, there fabrication steps and fabrication of BJT, MOSFETS and CMOS.

2. Capable of designing of layouts and stick diagram using NMOS, PMOS and CMOS technology.

3. Require a thorough understanding on the devices and should be able to apply the knowledge to the development of new and novel devices for different applications.

4. Adequate knowledge on the fundamentals of semiconductor materials, energy band diagram, types of semiconductors and Fermi Dirac Distribution and carrier dynamics.

5. Ability to examine carrier behaviour and application of PN junction and junction properties, light emitting diodes.

6. Able to analyze the internal mechanisms of a BJT.

7. Intern should be familiar with concepts like MOS capacitor and Field effect devices.

## Microelectronics Internship Test

Intern has to take Microelectronics internship test in which they will be asked 50 multiple-choice questions. They have to score grade A or A* on this test to be eligible for the internship. Here’s a sample set of questions on the Microelectronics topic.

1. Choose from the following where Microelectronics has invaded since its birth.
(A) All systems
(B) All electronic systems
(C) Only military electronic systems
(D) All household and military electronic systems

Explanation: The presence of microelectronics systems has led to the digital revolution in the world. Ever since the advent of microchip technology, such systems have risen and play a dominant role in the present world. They are present from cameras to toothbrushes, mobile phones to computers, the military, satellite communication, and many more areas, and these areas have become hugely dependent on microelectronic systems for speed, power consumption, and noise immunity.

2. What is the minimum number of variables required to represent a signal?
(A) One
(B) Two
(C) Three
(D) Four

Explanation: A signal is always a function of at least two variables. Since a signal represents information, it has to be a function of at least two variables or we won’t be able to characterize this signal as some information.

3. At absolute zero, Si behaves as a ____________
(A) Insulator
(B) Conductor
(C) Poor conductor
(D) Poor insulator

Explanation: Si displays the properties of a semiconductor. It will behave as an insulator at a very low temperature while it will conduct current when exposed to a high temperature.

4. What is the strength of the relationship between the Fermi-Dirac distribution and Temperature?
(A) Strong
(B) Weak
(C) Moderate
(D) Linear

Explanation: The Fermi-Dirac distribution is exponentially related to the temperature. Hence, it is a strong function of temperature.

5. If the donor or acceptor concentration are each increased by one order of magnitude, the built-in-potential changes by ______________
(A) 120mV
(B) Two order of magnitude
(C) Half order of magnitude
(D) 0

Explanation: The built-in potential is proportional to the logarithm of the product of donor and acceptor concentration. One order of magnitude implies 10 times. Hence, if we increase both of them by one order of magnitude, the resultant change in the built-in potential will be approximately 120mV. This can be obtained readily from the formulae Vbi=VT ln($$\frac {N_A*N_D}{n_i^2}$$).

Practice the full set of Microelectronics Multiple Choice Questions before applying for the internship.

## How to apply for the Microelectronics Internship

1. Read the Sanfoundry Internship FAQs

2. Take the Microelectronics Internship Test

3. Submit the Internship Application Form

## 3. Microelectronics Content Development Internships

In this content writing / content development internship for Microelectronics, the shortlisted interns would be working towards the creation of "Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs)" OR "Tutorial Articles" OR "Questions & Answers" on Microelectronics subject.

Selected intern's day-to-day responsibilities and guidelines include the following.
1. Interns would be creating Questions and/or tutorials articles on "Microelectronics".
2. Microelectronics articles must be written with an organized structure with detailed steps and examples.
3. Interns should write clear and concise articles so that the readers can understand them easily.
4. Interns should follow Sanfoundry defined guidelines and format.
5. Interns should report the work status to their mentor on daily basis.
6. Interns should ensure that the content is plagiarism-free.

## 4. Microelectronics Realtime Projects

Depending on the requirements and availability of free slots, Sanfoundry will attempt to provide industry-oriented, live, real-time projects, or industrial visits for deserving candidates of Sanfoundry accredited college. Kindly ask your College authorities (HOD / Principal) to connect with us.

## 5. Microelectronics Research Projects

If applicable, Sanfoundry will attempt to provide guidance to interns on "research projects" and "academic projects" so that they can do the necessary study, experimentation, and simulation to arrive at meaningful conclusions. This will help them write "White Papers", "Research Papers" and "Journal Articles" to be published in various eminent journals. Kindly ask your college authorities (HOD / Principal) to connect with us.

## 6. Microelectronics Internship Benefits and Perks

1. Sanfoundry will issue an internship certificate and a lump sum cash reward as a token of appreciation towards the intern’s contribution to Sanfoundry’s Global Learning Project.
2. This internship with help widen the intern's deep knowledge on the "Microelectronics" subject.
3. It will help to boost the intern's resume and also give real-time work experience.
4. Sanfoundry certificate is very useful to an individual in their professional career growth.
5. Most of the shortlisted interns will be working directly under the guidance of our Founder & CTO, Manish Sir

## 7. How to Apply for Microelectronics Internship

If you are looking for "Microelectronics" internship at Sanfoundry, you have to fill an application form. The application form is quite detailed and it allows us to understand the qualities of an intern in a deeper way. So, the best way to fill the application is to allocate 2-4 hours towards reading and filling your application form. You must fill every question seriously and honestly. Also, pay special attention to Grammar and sentence framing.

If you are interested to do an internship in Microelectronics, then kindly fill this Application Form.

## 8. FAQs - Microelectronics Internship

Who can apply for Microelectronics content writing internship?
Students who had studied Microelectronics in their official curriculum or taken a meaningful in-depth external training on this subject can apply for this internship.

What type of work will be assigned to intern in this internship?
Interns would be working towards the creation of "Tutorial Articles" and/or "Questions and Answers" on Microelectronics.

What are the skill sets required for Microelectronics internship?
We have already mentioned above the technical pre-requisite and skillset required for this internship. Besides, the student should be able to work independently, sincere and hard-working, and a self-starter.

Can I apply for Microelectronics internship if I don't have any experience?
Yes. Sanfoundry values skills developed through academic work, volunteer experiences, extracurricular experiences, or other experiences which demonstrate the technical skills useful in work. So, people with no experience can also apply for Microelectronics Internship.

Does Sanfoundry provide Real-time project on Microelectronics?
Yes, but we accept a limited number of candidates from Sanfoundry accredited colleges for real-time projects. Where ever applicable we will attempt to provide industry-oriented projects or industrial visits to deserving candidates. Kindly ask your College authorities (HOD / Principal) to connect with us.

Does Sanfoundry provide research projects or academic projects on Microelectronics?
Yes, Sanfoundry provides ideas on research projects and/or academic projects on some of the topics in Microelectronics. Kindly ask your College authorities (HOD / Principal) to connect with us.

How can I apply for Microelectronics internship?
Fill this Application Form to apply for internships in Microelectronics at Sanfoundry.

## 9. FAQs - Internship General

Can I get academic credit for my internship?
Yes, if you are doing an internship at Sanfoundry, it may be possible to get academic credit for your internship. Since the College authorities issue these credits, kindly check with your department once.

What is the duration of Content Development Internship?
The duration ranges from 1-month to 3-months. The duration can be adjusted based on the academic schedule of your college or school.

How many hours do I have to work as a part-time intern?
If you are working as a part-time intern in Sanfoundry, you would be allocating 3-4 hours/day.

How many hours do I have to work as a full-time intern?
If you are working as a full-time intern in Sanfoundry, you should be allocating 8 hours/day.

What would be the work timings if I get selected?
Work timings depend on you're availability during the day or evening and the type of internship. But you need to report work status on daily basis.

What are the benefits of completing Sanfoundry Internship?
• You will receive an internship certificate and a lumpsum cash reward
• You will gain working experience
Will I receive an offer letter if I am selected for the internship?
Yes, you will receive a confirmation email (with an agreement) from us once you are selected.

How will I know if am selected for the internship?
If you are selected for the internship, you will receive a call/message from us. It generally takes anywhere from 2-days to 2-weeks from the date of your application. However, due to a very large number of internship requests, sometimes the response gets delayed further.

What kind of documents should I submit after accepting the offer?
No documents are required to be submitted.

How will I receive the stipend for "Work-From-Home" internship?
Upon completion of the internship, the stipend will be directly credited into your bank account through NEFT/IMPS.

Do we get paid on a monthly basis?

How long it takes to receive the internship certificate and cash reward, after completion of the internship?
The internship closure process usually takes 7-15 working days.

Can I get a recommendation letter after successful completion of the internship?
Upon successful completion of the internship, you will receive an Internship Certificate. This certificate is written in a letter format which is almost similar to a "Letter of Recommendation".

Can international student apply for an internship in Sanfoundry?
If you are an international student and have a bank account in India, then you can apply. Kindly note that we are currently not authorized to pay the stipend in foreign currencies, so you must have bank accounts in India to receive the stipend.

Can I take part in multiple internship programs offered by Sanfoundry at the same time?
No, you can work on only one internship at a time. But after completing the internship you can work on another internship. In fact, a lot of interns keep doing multiple internships with us, one at a time.

Can I discontinue the current internship and join the new internship offered by Sanfoundry?
Yes, you can apply for other internships.

What happens if I discontinue in the middle of my internship?
If the work is partially completed, then Sanfoundry will do the payment on a proportionate basis provided that the intern has completed at least 10% of the work.

Will I receive a certificate and reward if I didn't complete the internship?
Sanfoundry will give a certificate and a proportionate reward if the intern has completed at least 10% of the work.

Whom to contact if I have more query?
Kindly drop an email to [email protected]