This set of Aircraft Design Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Geometry Sizing”.

1. The purpose of fuselage is ___________

a) to increase maximum lift

b) to provide thrust

c) to provide high lift

d) to provide space for cargo and passenger

View Answer

Explanation: Main body of the aircraft is called fuselage. Fuselage is used to provide space for cargo, crew and passenger. Thrust is primarily provided by engines. High lift is generated through high lift devices.

2. Fineness ratio of fuselage is ratio of _____________

a) fuselage diameter

b) fuselage length and maximum diameter

c) fuselage diameter and maximum length

d) length of fuselage and weight

View Answer

Explanation: Fineness ratio is defined as the length of the fuselage to the maximum diameter of the fuselage. If fuselage has a different cross section then, equivalent diameter is used for fineness ratio.

3. An aircraft is flying with fuselage having length of 1.5m and fineness ratio of 15. At which maximum diameter fuselage should be designed?

a) 0.1m

b) 0.25m

c) 5m

d) 20.5m

View Answer

Explanation: Given, fuselage fineness ratio F=15, length l=1.5m

Now, diameter D = l/F = 1.5/15 = 0.1m.

4. Jet transport aircraft has 12m length of the fuselage. What will be the approximated value for take-off gross weight?

a) 520kg

b) 850kg

c) 820.68kg

d) 1025g

View Answer

Explanation: Given, length L=12m

Now, length is given by,

L = a*W

_{0}

^{c}

Now, for jet transport aircraft a=0.67, c=0.43

Hence, take-off gross weight is W

_{0}

^{c}= L/a

W

_{0}

^{0.43}= 12/0.67 = 17.91.

Now by taking log at both side,

0.43*ln W

_{0}= ln17.91 = 2.885

lnW

_{0}= 6.710

Hence, by using antilog,

W

_{0}= e

^{6.710}= 820.68kg.

5. A jet fighter has take-off gross weight of 10000 units. Find the appropriate length of the fuselage.

a) 34.5

b) 34 unit

c) 35 unit

d) 35.65

View Answer

Explanation: Given, take-off gross weight is W

_{0}= 10000 unit.

Now, length is given by,

L = a*W

_{0}

^{c}

Now, for jet fighter aircraft a=0.93, c=0.39

Hence, length of fuselage is,

L = 0.93*10000

^{0.39}= 33.76 = 34unit.

6. Find the wing reference area if wing loading is 85 lb/ft^{2} and aircraft has gross weight of 10000 lb.

a) 152 ft^{2}

b) 112.65 ft^{2}

c) 117.64 ft^{2}

d) 125 ft^{2}

View Answer

Explanation: Given, take-off gross weight is W

_{0}= 10000 lb, wing loading W.L. = 85 lb/ft

^{2}

W.L. = W

_{0}/area, area = W

_{0}/ W.L. = 10000/85 = 117.64 ft

^{2}.

7. The distance marked by ‘L_{ht}’ represents _____

a) wing length

b) tail area

c) fuselage area

d) tail moment arm

View Answer

Explanation: Above diagram is showing a typical plan view of a wing tail configuration. L

_{ht}represents distance between wing aerodynamic center and the tail aerodynamic center of MAC. It is known as the tail moment arm.

8. Which of the following is correct for vertical tail (VT)?

a) Cvt = Lvt*Svt/(bwing*Swing)

b) Cvt = Lvt/(bwing*Swing)

c) Cvt = Svt/(bwing*Swing)

d) Cvt = Lvt*Svt

View Answer

Explanation: For vertical tail Cvt represents tail volume coefficient. It is used for sizing purpose. By adequate selection of it will provide require surface area of the tail. Cvt is given by, Cvt = Lvt*Svt / (bwing*Swing).

9. If Cvt = 0.05 then, find the vertical tail area. Given wing span b is 2m, wing area S=10m^{2} and tail moment arm Lvt=1m.

a) 1cm^{2}

b) 1m^{2}

c) 1in2

d) 1.2cm^{2}

View Answer

Explanation: Given, Cvt=0.05, b = 2m and wing area S=10m

^{2}.

Tail moment arm Lvt is directly given so Lvt=1m.

Now, tail area Svt is given by,

Svt = Cvt*b*S/Lvt = 0.05*2*10/1 = 1m

^{2}.

10. If length of typical fuselage is 20m then, find the approximate range for control canard moment arm.

a) 5-9in

b) 2-5cm

c) 6m-10m

d) 11-20m

View Answer

Explanation: Given a typical fuselage with length L = 20m.

Typical range for canard (control) moment arm = 30% to 50% of the length

= 30% of L to 50% of L = 30% of 20 to 50% of 20

= 0.3*20 to 0.5*20 = 6m – 10m.

11. A typical jet transport aircraft needs to be sized based on following parameters. Wing area S=50m^{2}, MAC=5m. If tail volume coefficient of horizontal tail is 1 and tail area is 10m^{2} then, find the required tail moment arm.

a) 50m

b) 25m

c) 25cm

d) 65in

View Answer

Explanation: Given, wing area S=50m

^{2}, MAC=5m.

Given:

Wing area, = 50m^{2}

Mean aerodynamic chord (MAC), MAC=5m

Tail volume coefficient, V_{H} = 1

Tail area, S_{HT} = 10 m^{2}

The tail volume coefficient formula is:

\(V_H = \frac{S_{HT} \cdot l_{HT}}{S \cdot \text{MAC}}\)

Substituting the known values:

\(1 = \frac{10 \cdot l_{HT}}{50 \cdot 5}\)

Simplifying the equation:

\(1 = \frac{l_{HT}}{25}\)

Solving for I_{HT}

So, the required tail moment arm is 25 meters.

**Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Aircraft Design.**

To practice all areas of Aircraft Design, __here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers__.

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