This set of Class 8 Maths Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Rational Numbers”. These MCQs are created based on the latest CBSE syllabus and the NCERT curriculum, offering valuable assistance for exam preparation.

1. Which of the following type of numbers are not closed under subtraction?

a) Rational Numbers

b) Integers

c) Whole Numbers

d) All of the mentioned

View Answer

Explanation:

Numbers | Closed Under | |||
---|---|---|---|---|

Addition | Subtraction | Multiplication | Division | |

a) Rational Numbers | Yes | Yes | Yes | No |

b) Integers | Yes | Yes | Yes | No |

c) Whole Numbers | Yes | No | Yes | No |

2. By using the properties of rational numbers solve the following equation (8 + 0) + (6 * 3).

a) 26

b) 24

c) 28

d) 0

View Answer

Explanation: By using the properties of rational numbers like addition and multiplication, we can solve the equation and get to the correct answer.

(8+0) + (6 * 3)

= (8) + (18)

= 26.

3. Solve: \((\frac{15}{6}) * (\frac{2}{3})\).

a) \(\frac{3}{5}\)

b) \(\frac{2}{5}\)

c) \(\frac{5}{3}\)

d) \(\frac{5}{2}\)

View Answer

Explanation: Using the property of multiplication, we can solve the question.

\((\frac{15}{6}) * (\frac{2}{3})\)

= \((\frac{5}{2}) * (\frac{2}{3})\)

= 5/3.

4. Which number should be subtracted from \(\frac{16}{15}\) to get \((\frac{-16}{15})\)?

a) \(\frac{31}{15}\)

b) \(\frac{32}{15}\)

c) \(\frac{-32}{15}\)

d) 0

View Answer

Explanation: Using the properties of addition and subtraction we can solve this problem.

\(\frac{16}{15} – x = \frac{-16}{15}\)

Therefore \(\frac{16}{15} + \frac{16}{15}\) = x

Therefore x = \(\frac{32}{15}\)

Option \(\frac{-32}{15}\) cannot be the correct answer, as the question itself asks to subtract the number in order to obtain \(\frac{-16}{15}\).

5. Simplify: \(\frac{11}{2} + \frac{11}{4} – \frac{11}{8} + \frac{11}{16}\).

a) \(\frac{44}{2}\)

b) \(\frac{44}{4}\)

c) \(\frac{44}{16}\)

d) \(\frac{121}{16}\)

View Answer

Explanation: In order to simplify the given equation we have to equate the denominators.

We will do this by taking the least common multiple.

Therefore \(\frac{11}{2} + \frac{11}{4} – \frac{11}{8} + \frac{11}{16} = \frac{88}{16} + \frac{44}{16} – \frac{22}{16} + \frac{11}{16}\)

= \(\frac{121}{16}\).

6. Which of the following rational number is in the standard form?

a) \(\frac{16}{21}\)

b) \(\frac{16}{24}\)

c) \(\frac{21}{15}\)

d) \(\frac{-21}{56}\)

View Answer

Explanation: A rational number is said to be in it’s standard form when the numbers cannot be further reduced.

Here, we can see that the options other than the option \(\frac{16}{21}\) can be reduced.

When \(\frac{16}{24}\) is reduced, we get \(\frac{2}{3}\)… Standard Form.

When \(\frac{21}{15}\) is reduced, we get \(\frac{7}{5}\)… Standard Form.

When \(\frac{-21}{56}\) is reduced, we get \(\frac{-3}{8}\)… Standard Form.

7. Fill in the blanks \(\frac{-15}{32}\) / ____ = \(\frac{12}{32}\).

a) \(\frac{39}{128}\)

b) \(\frac{128}{39}\)

c) \(\frac{128}{-39)}\)

d) \(\frac{-5}{4}\)

View Answer

Explanation: Using the properties of addition and subtraction we can solve this problem.

\(\frac{-15}{32} / x = \frac{12}{32}\)

Therefore x = \(\frac{-15}{32} / \frac{12}{32}\)

Therefore x = \(\frac{-15}{32} * \frac{32}{12}\)

Therefore x = \(\frac{-15}{12}\)

Therefore x = \(\frac{-5}{4}\).

8. What is the multiplicative inverse of \(\frac{15}{135}\)?

a) \(\frac{15}{135}\)

b) \(\frac{-15}{135}\)

c) 1

d) 9

View Answer

Explanation: \(\frac{15}{135}\) * x = 1

Therefore \(\frac{1}{9}\) * x = 1

Therefore x = 9

Multiplicative inverse of a particular number, is the number which gives 1 on multiplication with the number. There is one and only one multiplicative inverse for all numbers.

9. Which of the following lies between 2 and 3?

a) \(\frac{5}{2}\)

b) \(\frac{6}{2}\)

c) \(\frac{6}{3}\)

d) \(\frac{12}{3}\)

View Answer

Explanation: The correct answer to the question is \(\frac{5}{2}\), since it is the only number that lies between 2 and 3. While the others don’t lie in the given range.

Options \(\frac{6}{2}\) and \(\frac{6}{3}\) are not correct because the question states “between” and not “equal to”.

10. What is the reciprocal of \(\frac{1}{-x}\)?

a) x

b) -x

c) \(\frac{1}{x}\)

d) \(\frac{1}{-x}\)

View Answer

Explanation: The number obtained by dividing a number by 1 is its reciprocal. All the numbers have one and only one reciprocal number.

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