# Linear Integrated Circuit Questions and Answers – Phase Detector / Comparator

This set of Linear Integrated Circuit Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on ” Phase Detector / Comparator “.

1. Analog phase detector is often referred as
a) Full wave detector
b) Half wave detector
c) Rectifier wave detector
d) None of the mentioned

Explanation: Analog phase detector is called as half wave detector because, the phase information for only one-half of the input waveform is detected and averaged.

2. What happens when VCO output is 90o out of phase with respect to input signal?
a) Perfect lock
b) Attenuation
c) Shift in phase of comparator
d) Error signal is removed

Explanation: The error voltage is zero when the phase shift between the two inputs is 90o. So, for the perfect lock, the VCO output should be 90o out of phase with respect to the input signal.

3. Find the error voltage of phase comparator whose input signal is Vs= Vssin(2πfst) and the output signal Vo= Vosin(2πfot+φ).
a) Ve=[k×(Vs/2)]×[cos(-φ)-cos(2πfot+φ)].
b) Ve=[k×Vs×(Vo/2)]×[cos(-φ)-cos(2πfot+φ)].
c) Ve=[k×Vs×(Vo/2)]×[cos(-φ)+cos(2πfot+φ)].
d) Ve=[k×Vs×Vo]×[cos(-φ)-cos(2πfot+φ)].

Explanation: A phase comparator is basically a multiplier which multiplies the input signal by the VCO signal. Thus, the phase comparator output = Vs×Vo = Vs×Vosin(2πfst)× sin(2πfot+φ) =k×Vs×Vo ×sin(2πfst)×sin(2πfot+φ)
Where k – phase comparator gain.= k×Vs×Vo/2[cos(-φ)-cos(2πfot+φ)] When at lock, fs =fo
=> Ve = Ve={k×Vs× Vo/2}x[cos(-φ)-cos(2πfot+φ)].

4. How to overcome the problem associated with switch type phase detective?
a) Increase loop gain depending on input signal
b) Phase shift is made linear
c) Limit the amplifier of input signal
d) All of the mentioned

Explanation: The problems can be eliminated by limiting the amplifier of the input signal that is converting the input to a constant amplified square wave. This can be achieved by using a balanced modulator used as full wave switching phase detector.

5. If the average error voltage & the phase shift are given as 6.2v & π/4.Determine the phase angle to voltage transfer coefficient of full wave switching phase detector.
a) -0.19
b) -0.09
c) -0.03
d) -0.13

Explanation: The phase angle to voltage transfer coefficient
=>kφ = (φ-π/2)/ Ve (avg) =[π/4-π/2]/6.2 =[π-2π/4]/6.2 = -(π/4)/6.2 = -π/24.8
=>kφ = -0.13.
Note: Join free Sanfoundry classes at Telegram or Youtube

6. When does a digital phase detector can be used, where fo->output frequency, fs->input frequency.
a) Both fo & fs signals should be square wave
b) fo should be square wave & fs can be any non-sinusoidal wave
c) fs should be square wave & fo can be any non-sinusoidal wave
d) Both fo & fs can be any non-sinusoidal wave

Explanation: The XOR gate produces high output when only one of the input signal fo or fs is high. So, to detect high or low value of waveform, square waves are used.

7. The maximum dc output voltage in digital phase detector occurs
a) When the phase difference is π/2
b) When the phase difference is π
c) When the phase difference is 3π/4
d) When the phase difference is 2π

Explanation: The maximum dc output voltage occurs when the phase difference is π, because the output of the XOR gate phase detector remains high throughout.

8. Given the DC output voltage versus phase difference φ curve. Find the conversion gain values.

Explanation: The slope gives the conversion gain. Therefore, conversion gain=Vcc/φ =5V/π =1.59V/rad.

9. Which among the following has better capture tracking & locking characteristics?
a) XOR phase detector
b) Edge triggered phase detector
c) Analog phase detector
d) All of the mentioned

Explanation: Edge triggered phase detector has better capture tracking and locking characteristics as the dc output voltage is linear upto 360o compared to other detectors.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Linear Integrated Circuits.

To practice all areas of Linear Integrated Circuits, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

If you find a mistake in question / option / answer, kindly take a screenshot and email to [email protected]