Farm Machinery Questions and Answers – Tractor Classification and Details

This set of Farm Machinery Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Tractor Classification and Details”.

1. When did the term ‘tractor’ appeared first on record?
a) 1973
b) 1996
c) 1890
d) 1880
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: George H. Harris of Chicago invented a tractor or traction engine in 1890. The tractor word appeared first on record in patent issued on a traction engine.

2. A towed wheel with rolling radius of 0.35 m and normal load of 500 N requires a horizontal force of 50 N to move it forward. The vertical soil reaction against the wheel can be considered to act ahead to vertical line passing through the wheel at a distance of ________
a) 3.18 * 10-1 m
b) 3.5 * 10-1 m
c) 3.18 * 10-2 m
d) 3.5 * 10-2 m
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: (T.F.) * r = R. e
e = \(\frac{[(T.F.).r]}{R}=\frac{50*0.35}{500} \)
= 3.5 * 10-2 m.

3. A 2-wheel drive 35 HP tractor has 1.5 m rear wheel diameter. The engine runs at 1200 rev/min. The total reduction of speed is 30:1. Find the travelling speed of the tractor in km/h and tractive force at each driving wheel.
a) 3.896 KN
b) 4.157 KN
c) 7.437 KN
d) 8.315 KN
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Naxle = 1200/30 = 40 rpm
Velocity = πNa * Da
= π * 40/60 * 1.5 = 3.14 m/s
Tractive force = P/V = \(\frac{(35*0.746)}{3.14}\) = 8.315 KN
Tractive at each driving wheel = 8.315/ 2
= 4.157 KN.

4. A tractor having weight as 1500 KGF is brought to a speed of 10 KMPH in 10 seconds by applying a uniform acceleration. Calculate initial fore on tractor.
a) 416.67 N
b) 372.98 N
c) 747.8 N
d) 219.84 N
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Acceleration: \(\frac{v-u}{t}=\frac{10*5}{18}-\frac{0}{10}=\frac{50}{18*10}=\frac{5}{18}\)
Initial Force = ma
= 1500*\(\frac{5}{18}\)
= 416.67 N.

5. What HP of tractor is suitable for a 40 hectares farm?
a) 20-25 HP
b) 10-15 HP
c) 30-35 HP
d) 40-45 HP
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Generally, 1.5 hectare/HP has been recommended where adequate irrigation facilities are available and more than one crop is taken. So, a 30-35 tractor is suitable for 40 hectares farm.
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6. A tractor with a mass of 1600 kg develops a maximum tractive effort of 3000 N in top gear on a concrete surface. The total rolling resistance is 160 N. If the gradient angle is defined as the angle that the inclined plane makes with the horizontal, the maximum gradient can be negotiated by the tractor is _________
a) 10.44°
b) 11.63°
c) 29.4°
d) 34.29°
View Answer

Answer: a
The maximum gradient can be negotiated by the tractor is 10.44°
Referring to figure
In the limiting case:
3000 = mtg sin θ + 160
mtg sin θ = 3000-160
mtg sin θ = 2840
sin θ = \(\frac{2840}{mtg}=\frac{2840}{1600*9.8} \)
sin θ = 0.18112
θ = sin-1(0.18112)
θ = 10.44°.

7. The complete path of power from the engine to the wheels is known as _______
a) Muffler
b) Fender
c) Power train
d) Hitch system
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Transmission is the speed reducing mechanism, equipped with several gears. It may be called a sequence of gears and shafts, through which the engine power is transmitted to the tractor wheels. It consists of tractor to suit different field conditions. The complete path of power from engine to the wheels is called power train.

8. In between which years did power take off was introduced?
a) 1975-1979
b) 1992-1996
c) 1999-2003
d) 1915-1919
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Experimental power take offs were tried as early as 1878, and various homemade versions arose over the subsequent decades. International harvester company was first to market with a PTO on production tractor, with its model 8-16 introduced in 1918.

9. In between which years did hydraulic controls and three-point linkage were developed?
a) 1989-1993
b) 1947-1951
c) 1937-1941
d) 1920-1924
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Harry Ferguson patented the three-point linkage for agricultural tractors in Britain in 1926. He and his colleagues continued to developed several innovations to this device which made the system workable, effective, desirable. In 1938, after almost two decades of trying to sell Henry Ford on using Ferguson’s system on tractors mass-produced by Ford, Ferguson finally convinced Ford. The American mass market debut was via the Ford Ferguson 9N in 1939.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Farm Machinery.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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