# Farm Machinery Questions and Answers – Scope of Mechanisation

This set of Farm Machinery Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Scope of Mechanisation”.

1. How much does the processed food industry contribute to the nation’s GDP?
a) 3%
b) 6.3%
c) 7.4%
d) 2.1%

Explanation: Processed food industry is the fifth largest segment of the economy, representing 6.3% of GDP, 13% of exports and 6% of total industrial investment.

2. How much area is the cultivable land out of India’s total geographical area?
a) 186 million hectares
b) 145 million hectares
c) 166 million hectares
d) 200 million hectares

Explanation: India is a vast country, covering about 329 million hectares geographical area. Out of total geographical area, about 166 million hectares is cultivable land and net sown area is about 142 million hectares.

3. How much percent of farm holding belong to small and marginal farmers?
a) 75%
b) 25%
c) 64%
d) 36%

Explanation: Agriculture is the most important sector of Indian economy. Most of the farming is done on small holdings. About 75% farm holding belong to small and marginal farmers, about 25% belong to semi, medium and large farm holders.

4. Mechanization indicator has been expressed in which of the following form?
a) Mi = Mp + (Ap + Mp)
b) Mi = Mp * (Ap + Mp)
c) Mi = Mp – (Ap + Mp)
d) Mi = $$\frac{Mp}{Ap+Mp}$$

Explanation: Mechanization indicator has been expressed as ratio of mechanical power over total power used in farm. This is expressed as follows in percentage
Mi = $$\frac{Mp}{Ap+Mp}$$
Where
Mi = Mechanization indicator
Mp = Mechanical power used on the farm
Ap = Animate (Human+Animal) power used on the farm

5. What is the field capacity of traditional implements?
a) 0.3-0.4 ha/day
b) 0.7-0.8 ha/day
c) 0.8-0.9 ha/day
d) 0.5-0.6 ha/day

Explanation: Traditionally, soil stirring and mould board ploughs are used by farmers having animals as power source. The field capacity of traditional implements is about 0.3-0.4 ha/day and thus work output is low.

6. The production of indigenous tractors in India started in the year?
a) 1947
b) 1950
c) 1989
d) 1961

Explanation: The production of indigenous tractors started in India in 1961. M/s Eicher Good Earth Ltd. Is the first tractor manufacturer in India.

7. Which of the following does farm mechanization reduces?
a) Drudgery
b) Population
c) Pollution
d) Corruption

Explanation: Farm mechanization reduces drudgery of labour to a great extent. A ploughman has to walk about 66 km on foot while ploughing one hectare of land once by bullocks having 15 cm furrow width.

8. How much percent of fertilizers is lost, if not applied properly?
a) 40%
b) 80%
c) 30%
d) 10%

Explanation: Seed drills or seed cum fertilizer drill facilitate line sowing and proper application of seed and fertilizer in the field. Thus, there is saving of 10-15% inputs. About 30% loss of fertilizers is estimated if not properly applied.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Farm Machinery.

To practice all areas of Farm Machinery, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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