This set of Enzyme Technology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Enzymes Purification – Ammonium Sulphate Fractionation”.
1. Enzyme are soluble in aqueous medium.
Explanation: The above statement is true because of presence hydrophilic amino-acid sidechains facing outward that interact with water molecules in the surrounding. The hydrophilic sidechains are provided by 20 different amino-acids divided in 3 types of amino acids: basic, acidic and neutral.
2. Which of these is not a basic amino-acid?
Explanation: Basic amino-acids are those which have basic sidechains at neutral pH, whereas acidic amino-acids are those which have acidic side chains at neutral pH. Arginine, histidine and lysine are basic amino-acids as they contain nitrogen as sidechain and resemble ammonia which is base. Aspartate and Glutamate are acidic amino-acids as they have carboxylic acids groups as their side chain.
3. __________ is an acidic amino acid.
Explanation: Acidic amino-acids are the one which have carboxylic groups as their side chains. Such two acidic amino acids ae aspartate and Glutamate. Basic amino acids are arginine, histidine and lysine. These contain ammonia as base in the side chains. Hence the name. When there is no extra acidic or basic group attaching as sidechains, the amino-acids are called neutral amino acids. Serine, Glutamine, threonine etc., are neutral amino acids.
4. Pick odd one out.
Explanation: Histidine is odd one out as it is a basic amino-acid. If the side chain attached is a basic group, the amino-acid is called basic amino-acid. Cysteine, threonine and tyrosine are neutral amino acids. If the sidechain attached has no extra basic or acidic group, the amino-acid is referred to as neutral amino-acid.
5. When the enzyme solubility is reduced by reducing the water availability, the enzyme-enzyme interaction start to take place and they will aggregate to form precipitates. This phenomenon is called ______________
a) salting in
b) salting out
Explanation: Salting in is a phenomenon wherein addition of salt to enzyme solution doesn’t make any difference. Hence no aggregates and no precipitates. Salting out refers to a phenomenon wherein the addition of salts reduce the water availability and in turn reducing enzyme solubility. Due to which enzyme-enzyme interaction starts. This will leads to aggregation of enzymes to form precipitates. The complete procedure is carried out at low temperatures to avoid denaturation of enzymes. Precipitation and chromatography are the steps involved in enzyme purification.
6. Ammonium sulphate is convenient and effective chemical for fractionation by salting out method.
Explanation: Salting out phenomenon is best carried out by ammonium sulphate. Hydrophobic enzymes concentrate at low salt concentrations compared to hydrophilic enzymes. The above statement is true because of its high solubility, cheapness, lack of toxicity to most enzymes and its stabilizing effect on some enzymes.
7. Which one of the following cannot be used as alternative to ammonium sulphate?
Explanation: Lysozyme is an enzyme which catalyzes the linkage between NAG and NAM of bacterial peptidoglycan. Hence it cannot be used as alternative to ammonium sulphate. Methanol, acetone and propan-2-ol can be used as alternative as they reduce the solubility of the enzyme by reducing dielectric constant of the medium.
8. What does the equation, logS=Kintercept-Ksalt T represent?
a) Michalis Menton equation
b) Arrhenius equation
c) Lineweaver Burk equation
d) Solubility of an enzyme
Explanation: The equation, logS=Kintercept-Ksalt T represents the solubility of an enzyme where
S = Enzyme solubility
Kintercept = Intercept constant
Ksalt = Salting out constant
T = Ionic strength which is proportional to concentration of precipitating salt
The above equation may also provide with the minimum salt concentration necessary before the enzymes start precipitating.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Enzyme Technology.
To practice all areas of Enzyme Technology, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.
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