This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Gauss Law”.
1. Divergence theorem is based on
a) Gauss law
b) Stoke’s law
c) Ampere law
d) Lenz law
Explanation: The divergence theorem relates surface integral and volume integral. Div(D) = ρv, which is Gauss’s law.
2. The Gaussian surface for a line charge will be
Explanation: A line charge can be visualized as a rod of electric charges. The three dimensional imaginary enclosed surface of a rod can be a cylinder.
3. The Gaussian surface for a point charge will be
Explanation: A point charge is single dimensional. The three dimensional imaginary enclosed surface of a point charge will be sphere.
4. A circular disc of radius 5m with a surface charge density ρs = 10sinφ is enclosed by surface. What is the net flux crossing the surface?
Explanation: Q = ∫ ρsds = ∫∫ 10sinφ rdrdφ, on integrating with r = 0->5 and φ = 0->2π, we get Q = ψ = 0.
5. The total charge of a surface with densities 1,2,…,10 is
Explanation: Q = ∫∫D.ds. Since the data is discrete, the total charge will be summation of 1,2,…,10,i.e, 1+2+…+10 = 10(11)/2 = 55.
6. The work done by a charge of 10μC with a potential 4.386 is (in μJ)
Explanation: By Gauss law principles, W = Q X V = 10 X 10-6 X 4.386 = 43.86 X 10-6 joule.
7. The potential of a coaxial cylinder with charge density 1 unit , inner radius 1m and outer cylinder 2m is (in 109)
Explanation: The potential of a coaxial cylinder will be ρl ln(b/a)/2πε, where ρl = 1, b = 2m and a = 1m. We get V = 12.47 X 109 volts.
8. Find the potential due to a charged ring of density 2 units with radius 2m and the point at which potential is measured is at a distance of 1m from the ring.
Explanation: The potential due to a charged ring is given by λa/2εr, where a = 2m and r = 1m. We get V = 72π volts.
9. Gauss law cannot be used to find which of the following quantity?
a) Electric field intensity
b) Electric flux density
Explanation: Permittivity is constant for a particular material(say permittivity of water is 1). It cannot be determined from Gauss law, whereas the remaining options can be computed from Gauss law.
10. Gauss law for magnetic fields is given by
a) Div(E) = 0
b) Div(B) = 0
c) Div(H) = 0
d) Div(D) = 0
Explanation: The divergence of magnetic flux density is always zero. This is called Gauss law for magnetic fields. It implies the non-existence of magnetic monopoles in any magnetic field.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Electromagnetic Theory.
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