This set of DC Machines Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Applications of DC Machines”.
1. Why are the DC motors preferred for traction applications?
a) Torque and speed are inversely proportional to armature current
b) Torque is proportional to armature current
c) Torque is proportional to square root of armature current
d) The speed is inversely proportional to the torque and the torque is proportional to square of armature current
Explanation: DC motors are used for traction as, according to the characteristics of DC motors speed is inversely proportional to torque and square of armature current as well, if linear magnetization is concerned. Thus, DC motors are perfectly suitable for traction.
2. Which of the following load application normally needs starting torque more than the rated torque?
c) Air compressors
d) Centrifugal pumps
Explanation: Conveyors need high starting torque initially, and constant torque later. Thus, DC series motor is used in conveyors as it provides very high starting torque, which is practically 5 times the rated torque.
3. Which of the following motors can be used to drive the rotary compressor?
a) DC shunt motor
b) DC series motor
c) Universal motor
d) Synchronous motor
Explanation: Rotary compressor generally demand constant speed operation throughout the load. Sometimes, DC machines are not able to produce constant speed throughout the process hence, synchronous machine is used.
4. Which DC motor is used with flywheel for intermittent light and heavy loads?
a) Series motor
b) Shunt motor
c) Cumulatively compounded motor
d) Differentially compounded motor
Explanation: Cumulative compound DC motor is used with flywheel carrying peaks and so to smooth out the load on the motor as well as to reduce peaks on power system. Without flywheel the motor construction will be much larger.
5. Separately excited DC generators are still used in _________________
a) Thermal power plants
b) Ward Leonard speed control system
c) Hydro power plant
d) In all fields
Explanation: Separately excited DC generators are still used in wide output voltage control like in Ward Leonard speed control. In all power plants today, generally AC generators are used due to low cost and less maintenance required.
6. In world today, around 25% of the motors are manufactured are DC motors.
Explanation: For a dc machine, of course, the main attraction lies in its flexibility, versatility and ease of control. This explains why in spite of its rather heavy initial investment it still retains its charm in strong competitive industrial applications.
7. Maximum torque in a DC machine is limited by ______________
c) Losses other than heating
Explanation: While for all other motors maximum torque is restricted to certain value as various losses in other motors lead to heating of the core materials. In DC machines for maximum torque commutation time will obviously decrease and beyond some point commutation process can’t be fastened.
8. Which of the following motor can replace DC series motor?
a) DC shunt motor
b) Cumulative compound motor
c) Wound-rotor induction motor
d) Synchronous motor
Explanation: DE series motor’s closest rival is the wound-rotor induction motor with a rotor resistance control. But ultimately the availability and economics of a dc power is the deciding factor rather than the motor characteristic.
9. Which motor has almost replaced DC shunt motor from its applications?
a) Wound-rotor induction motor
b) Differential compound motor
c) Air motor
d) Squirrel caged induction motor
Explanation: Owing to the relative simplicity, cheapness and ruggedness of the squirrel cage induction motor, the shunt motor is less preferred for constant-speed drives except at low speeds. At high or medium speed applications we use induction motor, mostly squirrel caged.
10. DC shunt motor is still used instead of synchronous motor in _____________
a) High speed applications
b) Low speed applications
c) Medium and high-speed applications
Explanation: At low speeds, DC shunt motors are comparable with synchronous motors. The outstanding feature of a DC shunt motor however is its superb wide range flexible speed control above and below the base speed using solid-state controlled rectifiers.
11. Which type motors are preferred for lathes?
a) DC shunt motors
b) Squirrel Cage induction motor
c) Synchronous motor
d) DC Shunt Motors or Squirrel cage induction motor
Explanation: Lathes machines requires uniform torque which is provided with squirrel cage induction or DC shunt motors. Hence, they are preferred for lathes. DC shunt motor and induction motor of squirrel cage type follow same shunt characteristics.
12. When an electric train is moving down a hill, the DC motor will operate as ____________
a) DC series motor
b) DC series generator
c) DC shunt motor
d) DC shunt generator
Explanation: Normally in electric traction purposes DC series motors are employed. At above condition the back emf is greater than supply voltage hence, it will operate as series generator which will provide energy back to the supply.
13. Nowadays, DC motor is widely used only in ____________
a) Pumping sets
b) Air compressors
c) Electric traction
d) Machine shops
Explanation: DC machine is used in tractions, because its characteristics suit perfectly with application. Also, its smooth braking capacity and ability to transfer from one mode to other is very good.
14. Which motor is preferred in highly explosive atmosphere?
a) Air motor
b) Shunt motor
c) Series motor
d) Battery operated motor
Explanation: A pneumatic motor (Air motor) is a motor which does mechanical work by expanding compressed air. Air motors generally convert the compressed air energy to mechanical work through either linear or rotary motion, and are preferred in highly explosive atmosphere.
15. For which of the following operations a DC motor is preferred over an AC motor?
a) Low speed operation
b) High speed operation
c) Variable speed operation
d) Fixed speed operation
Explanation: Due to the various speed control techniques available and with the help of electrical brakes various speed levels can be obtained in DC motor. While in AC motor for same purpose we require frequency change which requires another complex circuitry.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – DC Machines.
To practice all areas of DC Machines, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.