This set of Dairy Engineering Quiz focuses on “Dairy Farm – 3”.
1. How many points does dairy character receive on the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card?
Explanation: Dairy character has 20 points on Dairy Cow Unified Score card. It is one of the important aspects of judging.
2. How can extra colostrum be kept?
a) frozen in container
Explanation: Colostrum is an important source of nutrition to a calf. It can be stored in frozen form in the containers.
3. What is the minimum crude protein a good milk replacer should contain?
Explanation: Milk replacers have about 24% of crude protein. Milk replacer meets the nutritional needs of young calves and eliminates the disease and contamination risks of feeding waste milk.
4. When clipping the head and neck of a dairy animal, what two body points are used to clip forward of?
a) Forward of a line formed by the point of the shoulders and the front of the withers
b) Udders and shoulder
c) Back and front
d) Skin and udders
Explanation: Forward of a line formed by the point of the shoulders and the front of the withers should be clipped forward.
5. What is a dairy animal called which has parents or ancestors of different breeds?
c) same bred
d) cross bred
Explanation: A crossbreed or crossbred usually refers to an organism with purebred parents of two different breeds, varieties, or populations. In animal breeding, crossbreed describes crosses within a single species, while hybrid refers to crosses between different species.
6. What are the two types of dairy foods?
a) juice and cream
b) juice and cheese
c) cheese and yogurt
d) soda and cola
Explanation: Among the above categories cola, soda and juice aren’t dairy foods. Cheese and yogurt can be classified as dairy food.
7. On the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card, what is not the part of the four divisions?
b) general appearance
c) dairy character
Explanation: Cow is judged on various parameters. Age is not one of the parameters.
8. What is the advantage of blending colostrums from different cows?
a) wider range of antibodies
b) wider flavor range
c) enhanced taste
Explanation: Colostrum of different cows has different nutritional composition. Blending them provides the advantage of a wider range of antibodies to calf.
9. Which vitamin helps to stop bleeding by clotting the blood?
a) vitamin A
b) vitamin K
c) vitamin C
d) vitamin D
Explanation: Vitamin K helps in stopping the bleeding. It is present in milk.
10. Name a piece of equipment used to fit a dairy animal.
Explanation: clippers are used to fit cows. These highly durable clippers are the latest in an ergonomic design with non-slip polyamide finish, reducing operator fatigue and discomfort.
11. What is the reproduction cells from the two parents called?
a) egg and ovule
b) ovule and sperm
c) egg and sperm
d) steroid and egg
Explanation: Reproduction is a process of fertilization. Fertilization takes place between egg and sperm.
12. What dairy product is made by heating milk along with a substance called rennet?
Explanation: Cheese is a dairy product. It is made by heating milk and adding rennet.
13. How many points are given for body capacity on the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card?
Explanation: Cows are judged on several parameters. The body capacity is judged for 10 points.
14. How many points are given for udder on the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card?
Explanation: Udders are also judged in scoring. They have 35 points in total.
15. How much should a calf gain the first month?
a) 1 pound per day
b) Half pound per day
c) 3 pounds per day
d) 5 pounds per day
Explanation: Calf should gain a lot of weight in the first month. The weight gain should be around 1 pound every day.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Dairy Engineering.
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