This set of Dairy Engineering Interview Questions and Answers for Experienced people focuses on “Cows in Dairy – 3”.
1. What is the father of a calf called?
Explanation: The mature male of the species is called a ‘bull’. It is the father of calf.
2. What are the tiny cells in a cows udder called?
Explanation: An alveolus is composed of a single layer of epithelial cells surrounding a lumen, another section of lactating mammary tissue from a cow. They are tiny cells in cow udder.
3. What is another name for Vitamin C?
a) tartaric acid
b) ascorbic acid
d) malic acid
Explanation: Vitamin C is also known as ascorbic acid. It is present in citrus fruits.
4. Which direction should the show person walk in relation to the cow?
Explanation: The person should walk in a clockwise direction in the ring. It is advised to walk backward as compared to cow during the show.
5. What is the weight of a newborn calf?
a) 70-100 pounds
b) 120 pounds
c) 50-60 pounds
d) 20 pounds
Explanation: New born calf weighs around 70-100 pounds. Weight is dependent on nutrition during pregnancy and breed etc.
6. The Ayrshire breed of dairy cow first came from what country?
b) New Zealand
Explanation: The Ayrshire breed is originally from County Ayr, Scotland, before 1800. The adult Ayrshire cow weighs more than 450 to 600 kilograms (990–1,320 lb).
7. The choice of animals to be parents of each new generation. Involves culling cows and selecting bulls is called?
Explanation: Classification is the practice which involves culling and selection of bulls. It helps in the choice of parents of each new generation.
8. What hormone is important in the milking process?
d) Parathyroid hormone
Explanation: Before milking, less than 20% of the milk yielded by dairy cows is stored within the cistern, where it is immediately available for removal. Most of the milk is available for the milking machine only after milk ejection, which occurs in response to tactile teat stimulation and oxytocin release.
9. The lack of which vitamin causes rickets?
a) vitamin A
b) Vitamin E
c) Vitamin D
d) Vitamin K
Explanation: Lack of vitamin D results in reduced absorption of calcium and phosphorus. Difficulty maintaining proper calcium and phosphorus levels in bones can cause rickets. Symptoms include delayed growth, bow legs, weakness and pain in the spine, pelvis and legs.
10. When showing calves and heifers where should the hind foot nearest the judge be when the animal is posed?
a) one half step back
b) no space
c) 2 steps back
d) 3 steps back
Explanation: When posing and showing a dairy animal, stay on the animal’s left side and stand. For cows and springing heifers, the hind leg nearest the judge should be. Hind foot must be one and a half foot back.
11. What are the two methods calves can acquire protection against disease?
I. Passive immunity from absorption of antibodies found in first milk colostrums
II. active immunity in which the calf manufactures its own antibodies
a) I only
c) II only
d) I and II
Explanation: There are two ways to acquire immunity i.e. active immunity and passive immunity. Passive immunity from absorption of antibodies found in first milk colostrums, active immunity in which the calf manufactures its own antibodies.
12. What is a calf over six months of age called?
Explanation: Heifer is a young cow over one year old that has not produced a calf. Heifers are female cows that have not yet given birth to a calf. Farmers can raise heifers for dairy or for meat.
13. When considering sire selection, what does repeatability measure?
a) accuracy of sire’s Predicted Difference(P.D.)
Explanation: Accuracy of sire’s PD plays an important role during sire selection. It measures repeatability.
14. What management practice helps prevent navel ill in newborn calves?
a) dipping foot
b) dipping navel in iodine
c) ethylene treatment
Explanation: – Consistent use of navel dip for newborn heifer calves using a recommended protocol. This practice helps preventing infection in the newborn.
15. What is the condition called which results from a lack of Vitamin E in the diet?
a) black muscle disease
b) grey muscle disease
c) white muscle disease
d) brown muscle disease
Explanation: Nutritional muscular dystrophy (NMD) or white muscle disease is caused by a deficiency of vitamin E, selenium.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Dairy Engineering.
To practice all areas of Dairy Engineering for Interviews, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.