C++ Program to Encode a Message Using Playfair Cipher

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This C++ program encodes any message using the technique of traditional playfair cipher. Input is not case sensitive and works only for characters from ‘a’ to ‘z’ and ‘A’ to ‘Z’. White spaces are ignored.

This C++ program is successfully compiled and tested on our system. The program output is given below.

  1. /*
  2.  * C++ Program to Encode a Message Using Playfair Cipher
  3.  */
  4. #include<iostream>
  5. #include<vector>
  6. using namespace std;
  7.  
  8. void get_pos(char, int&, int&);
  9. void same_row(int, vector<char>&, int, int);
  10. void same_column(int, vector<char>&, int, int);
  11. void diff_col_row(int, int, vector<char>&, int, int);
  12. void encode(vector<char>, int);
  13. void get_input(vector<char>&);
  14. void convert_string(vector<char>&, vector<char>&);
  15.  
  16. const char encoder[5][5]={{'A','B','C','D','E'},
  17.                       {'F','G','H','I','K'},
  18.                       {'L','M','N','O','P'},
  19.                       {'Q','R','S','T','U'},
  20.                       {'V','W','X','Y','Z'}};
  21.  
  22. void get_pos(char p, int& r, int& c)
  23. {
  24.     if (p < 'J')
  25.     {
  26.         r = (p - 65) / 5;
  27.         c = (p - 65) % 5;
  28.     }
  29.     else if (p > 'J')
  30.     {
  31.         r = (p - 66) / 5;
  32.         c = (p - 66) % 5;
  33.     }
  34.     return;
  35. }
  36.  
  37. void same_row(int r, vector<char>& code, int c1, int c2)
  38. {
  39.     code.push_back(encoder[r][(c1 + 1) % 5]);
  40.     code.push_back(encoder[r][(c2 + 1) % 5]);
  41.     return;
  42. }
  43.  
  44. void same_column(int c, vector<char>& code, int r1, int r2)
  45. {
  46.     code.push_back(encoder[(r1 + 1) % 5][c]);
  47.     code.push_back(encoder[(r2 + 1) % 5][c]);
  48.     return;
  49. }
  50.  
  51. void diff_col_row(int r1, int c1, vector<char>& code, int r2, int c2)
  52. {
  53.     code.push_back(encoder[r1][c2]);
  54.     code.push_back(encoder[r2][c1]);
  55.     return;
  56. }
  57.  
  58. void encode(vector<char> msgx, int len)
  59. {
  60.     vector<char> code;
  61.     int i = 0, j = 0;
  62.     int r1, c1, r2, c2;
  63.     while (i < len)
  64.     {
  65.         get_pos(msgx[i], r1, c1);
  66.         i++;
  67.         get_pos(msgx[i], r2, c2);
  68.         if (r1 == r2)
  69.         {
  70.             same_row(r1, code, c1, c2);
  71.         }
  72.         else if (c1 == c2)
  73.         {
  74.             same_column(c1, code, r1, r2);
  75.         }
  76.         else
  77.         {
  78.             diff_col_row(r1, c1, code, r2, c2);
  79.         }
  80.         i++;
  81.     }
  82.     cout<<"\nCODE: ";
  83.     for (j = 0;j < code.size();j++)
  84.     {
  85.         cout<<code[j];
  86.     }
  87.     return;
  88. }
  89.  
  90. void get_input(vector<char>& a)
  91. {
  92.     char c;
  93.     while (1)
  94.     {
  95.         c = getchar();
  96.         if (c >= 97 && c <= 122)
  97.         c- =32;
  98.         if (c == '\n')
  99.             break;
  100.         else if (c==' ')
  101.             continue;
  102.         else if (c == 'J')
  103.         a.push_back('I');
  104.         a.push_back(c);
  105.     }
  106.     return;
  107. }
  108.  
  109. void convert_string(vector<char>& msg, vector<char>& msgx)
  110. {
  111.     int i, j;
  112.     i = j = 0;
  113.     while (i < msg.size())
  114.     {
  115.         msgx.push_back(msg[i]);
  116.         i++;
  117.         if (i == msg.size())
  118.         {
  119.             msgx.push_back('X');
  120.             break;
  121.         }
  122.         if (msg[i] == msgx[j])
  123.         {
  124.             msgx.push_back('X');
  125.             j++;
  126.         }
  127.         else if(msg[i] != msgx[j])
  128.         {
  129.             j++;
  130.             msgx.push_back(msg[i]);
  131.             i+ = 1;
  132.         }
  133.         j++;
  134.     }
  135. }
  136.  
  137. int main()
  138. {
  139.     vector<char> msg;
  140.     vector<char> msgx;
  141.     int i, j;
  142.     cout<<"Enter Message to Encrypt:";
  143.     get_input(msg);
  144.     convert_string(msg, msgx);
  145.     int len = msgx.size();
  146.     /*
  147.     cout<<"\n\n";
  148.     for (i = 0;i < len;i++)
  149.     cout<<msgx[i];
  150.     *///this is the string after making pairs of 2
  151.     encode(msgx, len);
  152.  
  153.     return 0;
  154. }

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Output:
 
Enter Message to Encrypt:Balloon
CODE: CBNVMPPO

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – 1000 C++ Programs.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn