upper_bound() Algorithm in C++

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This C++ program demonstrates last occurence of an element using upper_bound algorithm. The program takes an element from the input and the is passed to the upper_bound() function alongwith the iterators to the beginning and end of the vector. The function returns an iterator to the first occurence of the element.

Here is the source code of the C++ program which demonstrates last occurence of an element using upper_bound algorithm. The C++ program is successfully compiled and run on a Linux system. The program output is also shown below.

  1. /*
  2.  * C++ Program to determine last occurence of an element using upper_bound() algorithm
  3.  */
  4. #include <iostream>
  5. #include <vector>
  6. #include <algorithm>
  7.  
  8. void print(const std::vector <int>& v)
  9. {
  10.     std::vector <int>::const_iterator i;
  11.     for(i = v.begin(); i != v.end(); i++)
  12.     {
  13.         std::cout << *i << " ";
  14.     }
  15.     std::cout << std::endl;
  16. }
  17.  
  18. int main()
  19. {
  20.     int arr[] = {1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 5, 6, 7, 7, 8, 9};
  21.     std::vector <int> v(arr, arr + sizeof(arr) / sizeof(int));
  22.     std::vector <int>::const_iterator it;
  23.     int find;
  24.  
  25.     std::cout << "Vector : ";
  26.     print(v);
  27.     std::cout << "Enter the element ";
  28.     std::cin >> find;
  29.     it = upper_bound(v.begin(), v.end(), find);
  30.     if(it != v.end())
  31.     {    
  32.         std::cout << "\nLast position of "<< find << " = "
  33.                   << (it - v.begin()) << std::endl;
  34.     }
  35.     else
  36.         std::cout << "Element not found" << std::endl;
  37.     return 0;
  38. }

$ a.out
Vector : 1 2 2 2 3 3 5 6 7 7 8 9
Enter the element 5
Last position of 5 = 7

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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