# Computer Fundamentals Questions and Answers – Fundamental Concepts & Postulates

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This set of Computer Fundamentals Questions and Answers for Experienced people focuses on “Fundamental Concepts & Postulates”.

1. The number of values applicable in Boolean Algebra.
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

Explanation: Boolean algebra is based on binary number system. It therefore comprises only 2 bits : 0 and 1. Hence, only two values are applicable to Boolean algebra.

2. Boolean Algebra can deal with any number system.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Boolean Algebra can only be used with the binary number system. Boolean deals with only two values 0 and 1. In Boolean System, if the result is tautology it returns 1 otherwise 0.

3. The symbol + in Boolean is also known as the ____________ operator.
a) AND
b) OR
d) SUMMATION

Explanation: The symbol + is also called as the OR operator. It is used for logical addition. It follows the law of binary addition.

4. Which operator has the highest precedence?
a) +
b) .
c) !
d) *

Explanation: The NOT operator has the highest precedence. It is denoted by ! or – sign. Further, AND (.) operations are performed and then the OR terms are evaluated.

5. In the expression Y + X’.Y, which operator will be evaluated first?
a) ‘
b) +
c) .
d) ,

Explanation: In Boolean Algebra, complement of a number is given the highest precedence. Therefore, complement which is denoted by the ‘ (apostrophe) symbol is evaluated first.
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6. Which of the following is false?
a) x+y=y+x
b) x.y=y.x
c) x.x’=1
d) x+x’=1

Explanation: The first and second option describes the commutative law. The fourth option holds true since if x=1, then x’=0, and x+x’=1. Third option is incorrect because on multiplication of a boolean value with its complement the result will always be 0.

7. As per idempotent law, X + X will always be equal to ________
a) 0
b) 1
c) X
d) 2X

Explanation: It will always return the same value X. Since, boolean deals with only two numbers 0 and 1, if we add 0+0, the answer is 0. Similarly, if we add 1+1 the answer is 1.

8. The expression for involution law is _________
a) x+y=y+x
b) x+1=1
c) (x’)’=x
d) x.x=x

Explanation: The involution law states that the complement of complement of a number is the number itself. The third option justifies the statement. Thus, (x’)’=x.

9. Who proposed the use of Boolean algebra in the design of relay switching circuits?
a) George Boole
b) Claude E. Shannon
c) Claude E. Boole
d) George Shannon

Explanation: Claude E Shannon suggested the use of Boolean in relay switching circuits. George Boole, a mathematician introduced it for simplifying representations and manipulation of propositional logic.

10. Truth table is used to represent Boolean __________
a) functions
b) algebra
c) operators

Explanation: The Boolean functions are represented using the truth tables. Truth tables represent the tautology and fallacy for terms.

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