This set of Clinical Science Question Bank focuses on “Standard Hospital Procedures”.
1. What form must be filled before starting a surgery?
a) SF 520
b) SF 521
c) SF 522
d) SF 523
Explanation: SF 522 stands for Standard Form 522 which is to be filled out before an operation. This form is a record where the patient and the family know about the operation, the procedure, risk involved etc. They give consent for surgery, anesthesia etc. The patients vitals before the surgery are also mentioned in this form.
2. What color code is used for a person suffering from cardiac arrest?
Explanation: Places like hospitals use various color codes to quickly convey information. Since these codes mean the same thing all over the hospitals, a doctor, nurse or medical staff is quickly able to understand the situation and take necessary action. Blue is for cardiac arrest, red is for fire, black is for a bomb threat and green is for evacuation.
3. What are the ISO standards for hospital equipment?
a) 9001 – product design, development, installation and servicing, 9002 – quality assurance at production and installation charges, 9003 – testing and inspections
b) 9001 – sterility in hospitals, 9002 – regulations to follow before surgery, 9003 – post operative regulations
c) 9001 – designing of hospitals, 9002 – maintenance of hospitals, 9003 – hospital procedures
d) 9001 – setting up of hospital labs, 9002 – maintenance of sterility in labs, 9003 – maintenance of hospital equipment
Explanation: Standards are sets of rules that have been accepted all over for the regulation and maintenance of a certain place, organization, machine, technology etc. It helps provide uniformity. ISO 9000 is a list of standards related to quality management regarding products so the standards 9001, 9002, 9003 relating to the product is the solution.
4. What is AMC?
a) Annual Machine Calibration
b) Annual Maintenance Contract
c) Atomic Mass Calibration
d) Autonomous Machine Calibration
Explanation: This is the contract that is signed between the hospitals and the company when the hospital buys their machine. The contract states how and when the company will send in maintenance engineers, scheduling next maintenance, duration of the contract etc.
5. In what cases can the medical data of the patient be disclosed?
a) In case of emergency
b) In case of legal issues
c) In case of celebrity deaths
d) In case of study purposes
Explanation: A doctor and a patient or a hospital and the patient maintain a strict confidentiality regarding the medical history of the patient. This is to prevent any misuse of the medical case. It is only when there are severe legal issues that patients medical history can be disclosed. Even when data is gathered for study purposes, the name and other details or the person are never given.
6. A person is allowed to disallow a surgery.
Explanation: A person may choose to not undergo surgery even if the case demands for it. It is well within the rights of the person to refuse to give consent for a surgical procedure. In case the person is a minor, then a parent or legal guardian gives or withdraws consent.
7. What is the thickness of the lead jacket that is maintained for X – Ray procedures?
a) 0.25 mm
b) 2.5 mm
c) 25 mm
d) 250 mm
Explanation: X – Rays are high energy radiations and cause damage to the body if exposed for long periods of time. Thus, it is important to wear protective materials to reduce the exposure and damage from the X – Rays. Since lead can be used to block X – Rays, a lead jacket of 0.25 mm is used. The front and back of 0.25 mm make the total thickness to be 0.5 mm.
8. Who is the authority on laying the guidelines for Radioactive exposure?
a) Defense Research And Development Organization
b) Bhabha Atomic Research Center
c) Atomic Energy Regulation Board
d) Indian Space Research Organization
Explanation: AERB sets up standards for regulation of the radioactive materials for use by hospitals and other facilities. It sets up limits of exposure, guidelines on how the facility should be set up and maintained. It also has guidelines for setting up the floor plans and requirements to be met when setting up radioactive units.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Clinical Science.
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