This set of Civil Engineering Drawing Question Bank focuses on “Reports on Estimate for the Construction of Building and Culvert”.
1. _______ culverts have a concrete (sometimes other materials can be used too) floor allowing the water to flow smoothly through it.
Explanation: Box culverts are usually made up of Reinforced Concrete (RCC). Some box culverts can be built using composite structures and are great when water needs to change direction or when a large flow of water is expected. Box culverts can also be installed in such way that the top of the culvert is also the roadway surface. The most challenging part of installing these type of culverts is that you generally will need to have a dry surface to install the culvert, so dewatering or diversion of the water will be needed to complete the installation.
2. A ___________can be used to span over a canyon, or depression, or even over a freeway or roadway.
Explanation: A bridge doesn’t necessarily have to bridge over water. A bridge can be used to span over a canyon, or depression, or even over a freeway or roadway.
3. If the span of crossing is greater than 12 feet (3.7 m), the structure is termed as bridge and otherwise is______________
Explanation: A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle. There are many different designs that each serve a particular purpose and apply to different situations.
4. The estimate which prepared using any rough method to get the approximate cost construction anticipated in a project is called an ______________estimate.
Explanation: The approximate estimate is done in order to find out an approximate cost in very short time before starting the project. The estimation is made before selecting the final specification and design of the project. This method is also known as preliminary or rough estimate.
5. Which method is not adopted for volume calculating?
a) From cross-section
b) From spot level
c) From contour
d) From plan
Explanation: Volume can be measured by a contour map, but the volume calculated by this method is approximate. It cannot be compared with the volume calculated by the cross-section method. As the full ground irregularities are not predicted by contours, and also as the contour intervals are not small, volume calculated from contours is likely to be an approximate one. To calculate volume by this method, general recommendations of contour interval is a maximum of 2 meters for a regular ground surface, and 0.5 meter for an irregular topography.
6. _____________covers the entire wall with thin liquid plaster, uses a great deal of water and is applied very wet.
a) Lime plastering
b) Heat resistant plastering
c) Veneer plastering
d) Gypsum plastering
Explanation: Veneer plastering covers the entire wall with thin liquid plaster, uses a great deal of water and is applied very wet. The walls intended to be plastered are hanged with “Blueboard” (named as such for the industry standard of the outer paper being blue-grey in color). This type of sheet rock is designed to absorb some of the moisture of the plaster and thus allow it to cling the plaster better before it sets.
Veneer plastering is a one-shot one-coat application; taping usually requires sanding and then adding another coat, since the compound shrinks as it dries.
7. The term ___________in construction is applied to the finishing of mortar joints in masonry (stone or brick). In exposed masonry, these are considered to be the weakest part.
Explanation: The term Pointing in construction is applied to the finishing of mortar joints in masonry (stone or brick). In exposed masonry, joints are considered to be the weakest and most vulnerable spots from which rain water or dampness can enter. Pointing means implementing the joints to a depth of 10 to 20mm and filling it with better quality mortar in desired shape.
8. A ___________________is a construction industry professional with expert knowledge on construction costs and contracts. They are not to be confused with Land Surveyors or Land Survey Engineers.
a) Project manager
b) Building services engineer
c) Quantity Surveyor
d) Civil estimators
Explanation: Services provided by a quantity surveyor may include:
• Cost consulting, cost estimating
• Cost planning and commercial management throughout the entire life cycle of the project from inception to post-completion
• Value determination
• Risk management and calculation
• Procurement advice and assistance during the tendering procedures
• Tender analysis and agreement of the contract sum
• Commercial management and contract administration
• Assistance in dispute resolution
• Asset capitalisation
• Interim valuations and payment assessment
• Cost management process
• Assessing the additional costs of design variations.
9. Skilled occupations include carpenters, electricians, plumbers, ironworkers, masons, and many other manual crafts, as well as those involved in project management.
Explanation: There are many routes to the different careers within the construction industry. These three main tiers are based on educational background and training, which vary by country:
• Unskilled and semi-skilled – General site labor with little or no construction qualifications.
• Skilled – Tradesmen who’ve served apprenticeships, typically in labor unions, and on-site managers who possess extensive knowledge and experience in their craft or profession.
• Technical and management – Personnel with the greatest educational qualifications, usually graduate degrees, trained to design, manage and instruct the construction process.
10. Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.
Explanation: Construction differs from manufacturing in that manufacturing typically involves mass production of similar items without a designated purchaser, while construction typically takes place on location for a known client. Construction as an industry comprises six to nine percent of the gross domestic product of developed countries. Construction starts with planning, design, and financing; and continues until the project is built and ready for use.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Civil Engineering Drawing.
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