This set of Chemistry Aptitude Test for Class 12 focuses on “Carboxylic Acids Chemical Reactions – 3”.
1. Ammonium acetate on removal of ______ forms acetamide.
Explanation: Ammonium acetate (CH3COO-NH4+) is an ammonium salt which on heating at high temperatures, loses a water molecule to give acetamide (CH3CONH2).
2. Benzoic acid reacts with ______ to give ammonium benzoate salt, which on further dehydration gives benzamide.
Explanation: Benzoic acid reacts with ammonia in a reversible reaction to form ammonium benzoate by addition reaction. This salt then loses water on heating to form benzamide.
3. The conversion of phthalamide to phthalimide is brought about by the loss of ______ molecule.
a) one H2O
b) two H2O
c) one NH3
d) two NH3
Explanation: Phthalic acid on reaction with NH3 forms ammonium phthalate, which on heating loses two H2O molecules, one from each COONH4 group, to form phthalamide. This on further strong heating loses one NH3 molecule to form phthalimide, which is an imide derivative of phthalic anhydride.
4. Which of the following reagents does not reduce the CO group of carboxylic acids to CH2 groups to form alcohols?
Explanation: Carboxylic acids on reduction with LiAlH4, B2H6 or H2 in the presence of suitable medium, are reduced to alcohols. The COOH group is reduced to CH2OH group. Sodium borohydride cannot reduce the carboxyl group.
5. Soda lime consists of NaOH and CaO respectively, in the ratio of _______
Explanation: Soda lime is the 3:1 mixture of sodium hydroxide and calcium oxide, and is used in the decarboxylation reaction (loss of carbon dioxide) of carboxylic acids.
6. Sodium acetate on heating with NaOH and CaO (3:1 mixture) gives _______
Explanation: Sodium acetate undergoes decarboxylation (loss of CO2) when heated with soda lime. This is proceeded by the loss of COONa from the sodium salt and NaO from sodium hydroxide. They combine to form CH4 and Na2CO3. The hydrocarbon formed has one less carbon atom than the parent acid.
7. Which of the following acids on Kolbe’s electrolysis gives ethane?
Explanation: Aqueous solutions of sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids on electrolysis, undergo decarboxylation and form hydrocarbons having twice the number of carbon atoms as present in the alkyl group of the acid. Since ethane has two C atoms, the alkyl group of the acid should be CH3.
Explanation: Propanoic acid undergoes bromination at alpha-carbon in the presence of red phosphorus to give α-Bromopropanoic acid. This is known as Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction.
9. Methanoic acid undergoes Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction.
Explanation: Methanoic acid (HCOOH) consists of only one carbon atom and therefore does not have an alpha-hydrogen atom that can be replaced by a halogen atom.
10. What is formed when benzoic acid undergoes nitration in the presence of conc. HNO3 and conc. H2SO4?
a) o-Nitrobenzoic acid
b) m-Nitrobenzoic acid
c) p-Nitrobenzoic acid
d) 3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid
Explanation: Benzoic acid undergoes ring substitution in which the COOH group acts as a deactivating group and is meta-directing in nature.
11. Benzoic acid undergoes Friedel-Crafts alkylation to form o- and p-Toluic acid.
Explanation: The COOH group is a deactivating group and does not undergo Friedel-Crafts alkylation. The catalyst AlCl3 being a Lewis acid, gets bonded to the carboxyl group, and the methyl group does not get substituted in the ring.
12. Benzoic acid reacts with ______ to give m-Bromobenzoic acid.
Explanation: Benzoic acid undergoes electrophilic substitution with bromine at the meta position in the presence of FeBr3 to form 3-bromobenzoic acid and hydrogen bromide as side product.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Chemistry – Class 12.
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