Chemical Technology Questions and Answers – Organic Chemicals

This set of Chemical Technology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Organic Chemicals”.

1. Which of the mentioned are the principal constituents of an organic compound?
a) Carbon, Oxygen and Nitrogen
b) Carbon, Oxygen and Hydrogen
c) Carbon, Oxygen and Sulphur
d) Carbon, Oxygen and Sulphur
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Any compound containing Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen as principal constituents is an organic compound.

2. Identify the organic chemical from the mentioned?
a) Benzene
b) Silicates
c) Aluminates
d) Sulphur
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Benzene’s chemical formula is C6H6, which help us, identify it as organic chemical whereas the rest are inorganic, as they don’t posses Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen as chief constituents.

3. Which of the mentioned names is apt for Acetic Acid?
a) Methanoic Acid
b) Ethanoic Acid
c) Butanoic Acid
d) Pentanoic Acid
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Acetic acid’s formula is CH3COOH, which consists of acetyl group (Ethanoyl group), So Acetic Acid can also be called as ethanoic acid (presence of 2 carbons).

4. Which of the mentioned can also be a formula of acetic acid?
a) C2H4O2
b) C2H4O3
c) CH4O2
d) C3H4O
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Acetic acid’s formula is CH3COOH, summing up all Carbons, Hydrogen and Oxygen will result in C2H4O2.

5. What is the capacity of the refinery by Reliance Industry? Where is it located?
a) 10 million ton, Assam
b) 15 million ton, Jamnagar
c) 10 million ton, Ahmedabad
d) 15 million ton, Gandhinagar
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Reliance Industry started one of the largest refineries in Jamnagar whose capacity is 15 million ton.

6. Natural Gas largely constitutes of which of the mentioned?
a) Ethane
b) Methane
c) Butane
d) Pentane
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Methane is one of the major constituents of Natural Gas (about 75%).

7. Which of the mentioned is the simplest method of producing ethylene on large scale?
a) Thermal cracking of ethane
b) Deoxidation of ethylene oxide
c) Dehydration of ethanol
d) Dehalogenation of Ethyl Chloride
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Steam/Thermal cracking if ethane is the easiest and economical means to produce ethylene on large scale, the rest of the reactions are not feasible due to low conversion, However, on laboratory scale ‘c’ can be achieved.

8. Molecular weight of perchloroethylene is approximately? (Cl-35.5, C-12)
a) 165
b) 166
c) 167
d) 168
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Perchloroethane’s formula is C2Cl4. Therefore, its weight will be 12*2+35.5*4 = 166.

9. Pyrolsis of CCl4 will result in which of the mentioned compound?
a) Perchloroethylene
b) Trichloroethylene
c) Dichloroethylene
d) Hypochlorous acid
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Pyrolysis is breaking down of molecules, when two moles of percholoroethylene is taken and pyrolysis is done, it yields perchloroethane and chlorine.

10. Which of the mentioned catalyst is used in preparation of synthetic ethanol?
(Process is hydration of ethylene)
a) Zirconium
b) Platinum
c) Phosphoric acid on celite
d) Phosphoric acid on silica
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Synthetic ethanol is made by dehydration of ethylene using phosphoric acid on celite catalyst.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Chemical Technology.

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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