C Program to Check if a given Number is Prime number

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This is a C program to check whether a given number is prime or not.

Problem Description

This program takes a number and checks whether a given number is prime or not.

Problem Solution

1. Take a number as input.
2. Check if the number is divisible by any of the natural numbers starting from 2.
3. If it is, then it is not a prime number. Otherwise it is a prime number.
4. Exit.

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Program/Source Code

Here is source code of the C program to check if a given number is prime. The C program is successfully compiled and run on a Linux system. The program output is also shown below.

  1. /*
  2.  * C program to check whether a given number is prime or not
  3.  * and output the given number with suitable message.
  4.  */
  5. #include <stdio.h>
  6. #include <stdlib.h>
  7.  
  8. void main()
  9. {
  10.     int num, j, flag;
  11.  
  12.     printf("Enter a number \n");
  13.     scanf("%d", &num);
  14.  
  15.     if (num <= 1)
  16.     {
  17.         printf("%d is not a prime numbers \n", num);
  18.         exit(1);
  19.     }
  20.     flag = 0;
  21.     for (j = 2; j <= num / 2; j++)
  22.     {
  23.         if ((num % j) == 0)
  24.         {
  25.             flag = 1;
  26.             break;
  27.         }
  28.     }
  29.     if (flag == 0)
  30.         printf("%d is a prime number \n", num);
  31.      else
  32.         printf("%d is not a prime number \n", num);
  33. }
Program Explanation

1. Take a number as input and store it in the variable num.
2. If the number is lesser than or equal to 1, then print the output as ” It is not a prime number”.
3. Initialize the variable flag to zero.
4. Using for loop, check if the input number is divisible by any of the natural numbers starting from 2.
5. If it is, then assign the variable flag with 1.
6. Print the output as “It is a prime number”, if the variable flag ==0.
7. Otherwise print the output as “It is not a prime number” and exit.

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Runtime Test Cases
 
Enter a number
23
23 is a prime number
 
 
Enter a number
15
15 is not a prime number

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Here’s the list of Best Reference Books in C Programming, Data-Structures and Algorithms

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If you wish to look at other example programs on Mathematical Functions, go to C Programming Examples on Mathematical Functions. If you wish to look at programming examples on all topics, go to C Programming Examples.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn