This is a C Program to calculate the value of cos(x).

This C Program calculates the value of cos(x).

Take input from the user and calculates cos(x) value as shown in the program below.

Here is source code of the C program to calculate the value of cos(x). The C program is successfully compiled and run on a Linux system. The program output is also shown below.

/* * C program to find the value of cos(x) using the series * up to the given accuracy (without using user defined function) * also print cos(x) using library function. */ #include <stdio.h> #include <math.h> #include <stdlib.h> void main() { int n, x1; float accuracy, term, denominator, x, cosx, cosval; printf("Enter the value of x (in degrees) \n"); scanf("%f", &x); x1 = x; /* Converting degrees to radians */ x = x * (3.142 / 180.0); cosval = cos(x); printf("Enter the accuracy for the result \n"); scanf("%f", &accuracy); term = 1; cosx = term; n = 1; do { denominator = 2 * n * (2 * n - 1); term = -term * x * x / denominator; cosx = cosx + term; n = n + 1; } while (accuracy <= fabs(cosval - cosx)); printf("Sum of the cosine series = %f\n", cosx); printf("Using Library function cos(%d) = %f\n", x1, cos(x)); }

In this C program, we are reading the number of the terms in a series using ‘n’ variable. To convert degrees to radians the following formula is used

Cos(x) = x *(3.142/180.0).

Do while loop is used to compute the sum of cosine series. Compute the denominator by multiplying the difference of ‘n’ variable value by 1 with 2 and multiply again with ‘n’ variable value by 2.

Multiply the value of ‘x’ variable twice with the value of ‘term’ variable. Take negation of the value then divide the value by ‘denominator’ variable. Compute the summation of the value of ‘cosx’ variable with the value of ‘term’ variable.

While condition is used to check the value of ‘accuracy’ variable is less than or equal to fabs() function value. If the condition is true then the iteration of the loop. Print the value of cos(x) using printf statement.

$ cc pgm15.c -lm $ a.out Enter the value of x (in degrees) 60 Enter the accuracy for the result 0.86602 Sum of the cosine series = 0.451546 Using Library function cos(60) = 0.499882 $ a.out Enter the value of x (in degrees) 45 Enter the accuracy for the result 0.7071 Sum of the cosine series = 0.691495 Using Library function cos(45) = 0.707035

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