This set of Biology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Reproductive Health – Problems and Strategies”.
1. Reproductive health refers to _________
a) healthy baby
b) frequent coitus
c) healthy reproductive organs and functions
d) longer lifetime
Explanation: Reproductive health refers to the proper maintenance of reproductive organs and ensuring the smooth functioning of the same.
2. Which of the following is not the role of Reproductive and Child Health Care (RCH) programs?
a) Awareness about reproductive health
b) Providing facilities to build a reproductively healthy society
c) Providing support to reproductively sick people
d) Promote abortion
Explanation: Reproductive and Child Health Care (RCH) programs were developed to cover a considerable range of reproduction-related issues. These did not encompass abortion. Abortion does not determine reproductive health.
3. Reproductive health covers perspectives ranging from the proper functioning of reproductive organs to the emotional, physical, behavioral, and social well-being of individuals.
Explanation: Reproductive health is not just a proxy for organ maintenance. According to WHO, it also implies that society is reproductively healthy, given the various aspects associated with reproduction ranging from emotional, behavioral, and social are also appropriately maintained.
4. What modes have not been used by the agencies to generate awareness on reproductive health?
Explanation: Governmental and non-governmental organizations have been raising awareness on reproductive health. They have used different media for the same. The most common ones being radio, television, newspapers, posters, etc.
5. Which of the following is the correct reason for delivering sex education at schools?
a) Discouraging myths and misconceptions
b) Encouraging rise in population
c) Solve the issue of global warming
d) Promote myths
Explanation: The purpose of sex education is to provide the students with correct information about sex-related aspects and also to discourage any myths and misconceptions.
6. What is not a reproduction-related problem?
c) Global warming
Explanation: Reproduction-related problems are ones that affect reproductive health. These include difficulties in pregnancy and delivery, STDs, abortions, menstrual problems, infertility, contraception, and many more.
7. What test is used to determine the sex of the fetus?
Explanation: Fetal sex determination is based on the patterns of chromosomes in the amniotic fluid present around the embryo. Hence this test is called amniocentesis.
8. Amniocentesis deals with patterns of ______ in the amniotic fluid.
Explanation: The chromosomal pattern in the amniotic fluid is detected using the technique called amniocentesis. This chromosomal pattern is called karyogenesis and can be used to detect the nature of chromosomes. Hence it can be exploited to determine sex of the fetus.
9. Saheli is ______ contraceptive.
Explanation: Saheli is a contraceptive for females. It prevents unwanted pregnancy. It is an oral pill. It is Ormeloxifene, marketed under the brand name Saheli. It is a selective estrogen receptor modulator or SERM.
10. Saheli was developed by scientists at _______ in India.
a) Indian Institute of Science
b) Indian Institute of Technology
c) Central Drug Research Institute
Explanation: Saheli was developed by scientists at the Central Drug Research Institute. This institute is located at Lucknow in India. It belongs to a class of drugs called SERMs or Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Biology – Class 12.
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