Biology Questions and Answers – Molecular Basis of Inheritance – Genetic Code

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This set of Biology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Molecular Basis of Inheritance – Genetic Code”.

1. Which of the following refers to a proposition which directs the sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis?
a) DNA fingerprinting
b) Genetic Code
c) Transcription
d) Endolysis
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The change in nucleic acids is responsible for the change in amino acids in the protein. This observation led to the proposition of genetic code. Genetic code is responsible for directing the sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis.
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2. How many bases are required for coding 20 amino acids?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: George Gamow who was a physicist mentioned that to be able to code for 20 amino acids, we require 4 bases. The code should also be made up of 3 nucleotides. The code should be made up of bases in a particular combination.

3. How many codons code for an amino acid?
a) 3
b) 8
c) 90
d) 61
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: There are a total of 64 codons. Among these 64 codons, 61 codons are responsible for coding the amino acids. The remaining 3 codons do not take part in producing the amino acids. On the other hand, they are responsible for stopping the production of amino acids. Hence, they are called as “Stop Codons”.
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4. When is a codon said to be unambiguous?
a) When it codes for 2 amino acids
b) When it codes for 1 amino acids
c) When it codes for 3 amino acids
d) When it codes for 4 amino acids
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: One codon codes for only one amino acid. And so, the coding is said to be unambiguous and specific. In some cases, one amino acid is coded more than once by many codons. These are called are degenerates.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Biology – Class 12.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn | Youtube | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter