This set of Biology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Bioenergy”.
1. Bioenergy is the energy obtained from ________
b) Natural Gas
Explanation: Bioenergy is obtained from biomass. Biomass is the organic matter present in living organisms and their wastes. All the biomass has been produced with the help of solar energy reaching the earth.
2. Which of the following are the types of bioenergy?
a) Animal energy and chemical energy
b) Solar energy and nuclear energy
c) Fossil fuels and solar energy
d) Animal energy and biofuels
Explanation: Bioenergy is the energy obtainable from biological sources i.e. living organisms, their wastes and residues. This includes animal energy and biofuels.
3. Raising crops for the production of ethanol is known as __________
a) energy plantation
b) energy cropping
d) biomass production
Explanation: Raising crops for the production of ethanol is known as energy cropping. Fermentation is carried out with the help of Yeast. After fermentation, alcohol is separated through distillation.
4. What is the social forestry?
a) Planting different trees in the same area
b) Greening of hills
c) Raising trees on common village lands
d) Planting trees on river banks
Explanation: Social forestry is the raising and exploitation of small forests on common village lands, roadsides, railway embankments and other vacant lands by groups of people for obtaining their requirements of firewood, fodder and minor timber at very low cost.
5. Pyrolysis of wood yields only yields alcohol.
Explanation: Pyrolysis of wood yields charcoal, pyroligneous acid, tar, oil, wood alcohol and wood gas. Pyrolysis is heating of wood and waste wood to high temperature in the absence of air.
6. Which of the following options include energy crops.
a) Sugarcane, Potato and Tomato
b) Sugarcane, Tapioca and Cauliflower
c) Sugarcane, Potato and Tapioca
d) Millets, Banana and Tomato
Explanation: The various energy crops include Sugarcane, Sugar beet, Potato, Tapioca and Maize. Energy crops can be used to produce alcohol and other energy fuels.
7. Which wood is more suitable for fuel?
b) High calorific value
d) Less combustible
Explanation: Wood most suitable for fuel should be highly combustible. It should be hard and it should have a high calorific value. It should burn with good flame and sufficient heat.
8. Producer gas is obtained through the process of _________
Explanation: Producer gas is obtained through the process of combustion. It is used as an industrial fuel, in running certain engines including irrigation sets and manufacture of ammonia.
9. Hydrocarbons were first isolated from plant latex by __________
Explanation: Hydrocarbons were first isolated from plant latex by Melvin Calvin. Utilising petroleum plants for energy cropping was also suggest by Melvin Calvin.
10. Fuelwood is _______
b) renewable source of energy
c) non-renewable source of energy
d) source of biogas
Explanation: Wood used as a source of energy is called fuelwood. It is a renewable source of energy which can be harvested even by unskilled labours.
11. The first petroplant discovered was ____________
a) Capaifera longsdorfii
b) Euphorbia lathyrus
Explanation: The first petroplant discovered was Euphorbia lathyrus by Calvin. 100 tonnes of the dry weight of this petroplant can yield 80 tonnes of crude oil and 200 tonnes of fermentable sugars.
12. Charcoal is the commonest source of energy.
Explanation: Fuelwood is the commonest source of energy because it is used for cooking and heating in all places where purchasing power is low or fossil fuels are not available at cheaper prices.
13. Which of the following processes provide both energy and manure?
a) Burning of fuelwood
b) Pyrolysis of wood
c) Biogas formation
d) Gasification of wood
Explanation: Biogas formation yields manure for two crops in one acre and 2m3 of fuel gas having 9000 kcal of energy with useful one being 2700 kcal and at 30% burning efficiency.
14. Which of the following is not organic waste?
a) Animal wastes
b) Agricultural wastes
c) Forest residues
d) Radioactive wastes
Explanation: Radioactive wastes are not organic wastes. Organic wastes include animal wastes, human wastes, agricultural wastes, crop residues, forest residues, aquatic weeds, etc.
15. Which of the following options does not include bad fuelwood?
Explanation: Good fuel or firewood include the woods of Acacia, Albizzia, Dalbergia, Adina, Terminalia, Casuarina, Quercus, etc. Bad fire or fuelwood include the woods of Pinus, Mangifera, Bombax, Michelia, etc.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Biology – Class 12.
To practice all areas of Biology, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.
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