Biology Questions and Answers – Biotechnology Applications – Ethical Issues – 2

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This set of Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for Class 12 focuses on “Biotechnology Applications – Ethical Issues – 2”.

1. What is the term used to refer to the use of bio-resources by multinational companies and other organizations without proper authorization from the countries and people concerned without contemporary payment is?
a) Bio-piracy
b) Bioremediation
c) Biodegradation
d) Bioethics
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: the term used to refer to the use of bio-resources by multinational companies and other organizations without proper authorization from the countries and people concerned without contemporary payment is Bio-piracy. It happens when biological resources are taken or exploited without official sanction.
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2. The Indian Parliament has recently cleared the ______ amendment of the Indian Patents Bill.
a) eight
b) first
c) third
d) second
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: The Indian Parliament in 2000 cleared the Second amendment of Indian Patents Bill. It was put forward to bridge the conflicts between TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) and The Patent Act of 1970.

3. The Indian Patents Bill takes issues such as ______ into consideration.
a) biology
b) biodegradation
c) patent terms
d) vaccination
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: The Indian Patent Bill passed in the second amendment considers issues such as patent terms. It grants new rights for patentable inventions and extension of the term protection.
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4. The Indian Patent Bill does not consider the issue of research and development initiative.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The Indian Patent Bill was put forward in the second amendment in 2000. It considers various issues of research and development initiatives. It also grants new rights for patentable inventions.

5. Currently, the manipulation of microbes, plants, and animals has raised serious ethical questions.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Ethics are the moral principles of people. Any issues or conflicts regarding these moral principles lead to various ethical issues. Nowadays the manipulation (genetic) in organisms has raised serious ethical questions.
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